15,000 cattle have died due to drought in various parts of Colombia

La Guajira es una de las zonas más golpeadas por sequía.

Two days ago, in Valledupar, the capital of Cesar-, the highest temperature recorded across the country this month felt: 41 degrees centigrade in the shade.

Elsewhere as Codazzi, Cesar also, the thermometer marked 40 degrees. In Corozal (Sucre), 38 degrees, and Arjona (Bolívar), almost 37 degrees. But the heat has not been unique to the Caribbean. In Puerto Salgar (Cundinamarca) 39 degrees felt the weekend, and Merchants (Cauca), 36 degrees. ( See pictures of the terrible drought plaguing the country )

The feeling of intense heat, coupled with low rainfall, and established himself as a threat in the Caribbean and Andean regions.

In addition to Santa Marta (Magdalena), where water rationing is installed by the lack of rain, at least 117 other municipalities are vulnerable to a permanent shortage of drinking water for an increasingly dry climate, has just warned the Ombudsman.

Other departments are in crisis Santander, Boyaca, Huila and La Guajira. In the latter department have died about 15,000 cattle, and 10,000 hectares of land suitable for crops are now useless. And since there are 20 departments on red alert for forest fires, as Antioquia, where there have been 56 conflagrations in the last month.

Cultures were killed

Agriculture is one of the great survivors. Drought, the rice sector recorded 5.000 million in losses Cesar (in Valledupar have lost more than 1,000 acres).

In Sucre, in the region of Montes de Maria, about 80 percent of the crop was lost snuff. So say leaf growers in five municipalities, which are declared in ruin and specify that the 1,700 hectares planted, only recover about 20 percent.

“There are parts where there is no in-not only crops but other snuff products-anything, just ridden lots, and this is disastrous,” said Javier Villalba, president of the Sheep Growers Association.

This is the fact that in the Atlantic, a daily production of 30,000 liters of milk has fallen to 10,000, according to the report Asoganorte.

The picture has two causes, identified by meteorologists Ideam. The first is the usual and historic drought that occurs in much of the country at this time of year, but aggravated, in the case of the Caribbean, by a decrease in rainfall of at least 20 percent between April and May , which reduced the levels of some rivers that supply water systems, such as Piedras and Manzanares, which flows depends Santa Marta.

While for others the problem goes further and refers to an issue of land degradation and deforestation, as we explained Ricardo Lozano, geologist and expert on environmental issues, as well as the former Minister of Environment Manuel Rodriguez Becerra, for those who damage to ecosystems, aggravated by agriculture and livestock feed at key sites, have caused the basins, deserts and wetlands (many of which have been dried) are no longer regulating water resources as they should.

Omar Franco, director of Ideam says that these supply difficulties are occurring without having consolidated the El Niño phenomenon, which “is taking its first beats” he explains, but will be developed and definitely feel between October and November. “There is a 82 percent chance that the phenomenon is consolidated,” Franco says.

Contrary to what happens with some aqueducts, the country’s reservoirs are at acceptable levels, mainly those located in the Sabana de Bogotá, which have water levels above 80 percent. Only Honey I, Beaches, Porce II, Punchiná and pockets, in Antioquia, are below 50 percent.

Paradoxically, in the Orinoco red alert because there Guaviare, Inírida, Orinoco and Meta rivers threaten to burst, while in Yopal, Aguazul, and Nunchía Chámeza in Casanare, no alert landslides.

Insurance option to climate change

The Ministry of Agriculture announced that it will continue to promote agricultural insurance that allow producers to hedge risks caused by climate phenomena.

Deputy Minister of Agricultural Affairs, Hernán Román, said this is the tool that producers have to deal with the effects caused by drought, as next lashing several parts of the country, especially to the Atlantic coast.

He recalled that the ministry has made ​​massive days for placement of weather insurance, subsidizing up to 80 percent of the policies.

According to the official, will take actions to increase the secured areas, encourage the entry of new companies to achieve greater choice and better policies and optimize the knowledge and use of this insurance.

In addition to the promotion and subsidies, it also has the approval of more resources to provide the incentive and the expanded use of the resources of the National Agricultural Risk Fund.

Francisco Solano, Director of Finance, explained that “these changes involve a significant advance and represent major challenges for mass use among producers.”

“We must find a solution to help us centralize information in a suitable source, but as there are many scattered and in many sources,” Solano said.

Policies are also reviewed to assess that meet the needs and be effective from a disaster.

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One response to “15,000 cattle have died due to drought in various parts of Colombia”

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