Archive | December 4, 2014

MASSIVE die off of fish in 44 fish farms due to disease along the coast of Singapore

Fish Kill Alert

A type of marine bacteria, Vibrio, has been detected in fish samples taken from Singapore’s coastal fish farms.

While Vibrio is found naturally in tropical marine environments, humans can get infected by consuming undercooked seafood or exposing an open wound to sea water. Diarrhoea, vomiting and fever are some symptoms of the infection.

Experts say warm weather and rising sea surface temperatures have led to the rapid growth of marine micro-organisms, which release toxins that kill the fish. A large number of fish in 44 farms have died due to the infection, causing frustration among fish farmers.

Singapore Marine Aquaculture Cooperative Chairman Phillip Lim said two farms in Lim Chu Kang lost about 60 tonnes of fish to Vibrio, and his own farm has also been affected. “I started with 8,000 fish. I’m only left with 200 to 300-plus fish,” he said. The infection was discovered when they sent samples to the Agri-Food and Veterinary Authority of Singapore for examination.

“For us, as farmers, we don’t have the equipment, so we need more professional help on that, to advise us what to do about all this. Because Vibrio can also infect humans, so it is quite dangerous.” Mr Lim said stress might have killed the fish as well.

While dead fish are disposed of, those still alive are sold at local markets. The public is urged to ensure the fish is fully cooked, before consuming them.

http://tinyurl.com/qzdh76f

MEGA DIP SPIKES ON THE MAGNETOSPHERE @ APPROX 22:00, 22:15, 22:30, 22:45 hrs UTC

**VERY URGENT**
   MEGA DIP SPIKES ON THE MAGNETOSPHERE @ APPROX 22:00, 22:15, 22:30, 22:45 hrs UTC. FURTHER EARTHQUAKES, VOLCANO ACTIVITY & ADVERSE WEATHER PATTERNS WILL BE GREATLY INFLUENCED BY THE COSMIC RAYS STRIKING THE EARTH’S CORE

***BE ALERT***

Magnetogram 04.12.14  22.49 hrs UTC

Officials expand evacuation zone for Caldera volcano in Naples, Italy

Italy’s third-largest metropolitan area, Naples, sits on a stunning coastline and a landscape of incredible volcanic activity. While Mount Vesuvius, in the background, is often considered the greatest eruption threat in the area, volcanologists say a sunken volcano known as a caldera, to the city’s west, may be just as dangerous
Italian officials are outlining the boundaries of a new evacuation zone in an area of Naples popular with U.S. Navy personnel, the result of growing concern in recent years over the threat of a massive sunken volcano.
 
Proposed last month by civil protection officials in the Campania region, which includes Naples, the new zone would extend from the western edge of Naples across the region known as Campi Flegrei, which overlies a 60-square-mile sunken volcano known as a caldera. It would update boundaries from 2001 and more closely resemble a zone established in 1995 around nearby Mount Vesuvius that required communities to coordinate with regional and national officials on evacuation plans.
 
The Navy base command in Naples banned new leases in the Vesuvius red zone in 2012, although it allowed those living there at the time to remain. Base officials said they were following discussions about the Campi Flegrei red zone, where more than 500 Navy families lease housing, but would wait until the policy was finalized before deciding whether the base needed to respond.
 
“We’re not speculating at this point, but we’re monitoring,” said Sean Quinn, base emergency-management officer. “We’re looking forward to seeing what the result is.”
 
Formed 60,000 years ago, when a volcano collapsed into an empty magma chamber after eruption, the caldera is now a wide basin straddling the coast of the Gulf of Pozzuoli. Its landscape is marked by several active volcanic vents and an arc of large, extinct craters. The Navy’s recreation facility, Carney Park, is located inside one of the craters, Monte Gauro.
 
Volcanologists in Naples have elevated their warnings about the caldera in recent years, saying eruption through several vents could send ash and hot rock miles outside the eruption site. Extension of the original red zone was prompted partly by archaeological evidence showing that past eruptions have dumped material well outside the current zone.
 
More than 500,000 people live in the Campi Flegrei area. More than 3 million people live in the Naples area.
 
Community leaders, volcanologists and civil-protection officials met on Oct. 20 to discuss the new boundaries. Communities were asked to submit their comments or concerns by Nov. 30, and many are now drawing up evacuation plans required under the new initiative.
 
The new boundaries extend the evacuation zone to the north, into the towns of Quarto, Marano and Giugliano, and east into several Naples neighborhoods, including Vomero, Chiaia, Posilipo and Arenella. The zone already covered the towns of Pozzuoli, Bacoli and Monte di Procida.
 
Cities throughout the zone will be required to submit detailed evacuation plans in the coming year, including evacuation departure points for public transportation. They’ll also look at infrastructure needs, including designs to move traffic more quickly onto larger highways.
 
Some 15 million euros in funding (about $18.5 million) from the European Union will be distributed among the towns of the red zone to help meet their plans.
 
Alfonso Trincone, an official with the Campi Flegrei city of Pozzuoli, said the new zone follows a growing recognition of the caldera’s potential threat. But he said there were no immediate concerns about the area’s safety.
 
“There is no emergency; there is no danger,” he said. “There is nothing at the moment that Americans should be concerned about.”
 
Scientists in the area monitor three volcanoes — the caldera, Vesuvius and Mount Epomeo on the island of Ischia — for signs of activity.
 
Vesuvius is the best-known of the three, with several well-documented eruptions in its history, among them the one that buried Pompeii in A.D. 79. Its last eruption, in 1944, was witnessed by Allied troops who had recently entered Naples.
 
The Campi Flegrei caldera last erupted in 1538 but has been the most active of nearby volcanoes in recent years. Magma chambers miles below the caldera regularly expand and empty, causing the land above to lift or decline gradually. The phenomenon, called bradyseism, often causes frequent, small tremors in the Campi Flegrei area and occasional larger earthquakes, like a series that shook Pozzuoli in 1983.
 
The Navy abandoned its original base in the Campi Flegrei town of Agnano in 2005, partly because of damage caused by the tremors. It now maintains bases at the Capodichino airport, north of Naples, and in Gricignano d’Aversa, much farther north.
 
Questions about the adequacy of evacuation plans in the area have plagued regional officials for years. They were forced to expand the Vesuvius red zone earlier this year after scientists challenged the assumptions behind prior boundaries, pointing to evidence that an eruption could affect a wider area than thought.
 
The Navy base has its own evacuation plans, according to Quinn, the emergency-management official. He did not say whether they were updated to include a Campi Flegrei eruption.
 
Trincone, the Pozzuoli official, said Americans shouldn’t be concerned about the danger of the caldera. He said extensive monitoring would lead to early detection of any problems.
 
“There would be plenty of time to move people out in case of risk,” he said.

MAGNITUDE 2.0 SCOTLAND, UNITED KINGDOM

http://www.emsc-csem.org/Earthquake/earthquake.php?id=411585

Subject To Change

Depth: 6 km

Distances: 201 km NE of Douglas, Isle of Man / pop: 26,218 / local time: 21:57:05.0 2014-12-03
17 km S of Edinburgh, United Kingdom / pop: 435,791 / local time: 21:57:05.0 2014-12-03
4 km SE of Penicuik, United Kingdom / pop: 17,011 / local time: 21:57:05.0 2014-12-03


  Global viewRegional view

MAGNITUDE 5.4 SOUTH OF FIJI ISLANDS

http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/eventpage/usc000t3sw#summary

Subject To Change

Depth: 102 km

Distances: 416km (258mi) SSW of `Ohonua, Tonga
423km (263mi) SSW of Nuku`alofa, Tonga
848km (527mi) SSE of Suva, Fiji
941km (585mi) SE of Nadi, Fiji
973km (605mi) SSE of Lambasa, Fiji

Global view

MAGNITUDE 5.4 MID-INDIAN RIDGE

http://www.emsc-csem.org/Earthquake/earthquake.php?id=411598

Subject To Change

Depth: 2 km

Distances: 1242 km NE of Port Louis, Mauritius / pop: 155,226 / local time: 14:53:29.2 2014-12-04
1387 km SE of Victoria, Seychelles / pop: 22,881 / local time: 14:53:29.2 2014-12-04
1453 km NE of Saint-Denis, Reunion / pop: 137,195 / local time: 14:53:29.2 2014-12-04


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MAGNITUDE 5.3 NORTH ISLAND OF NEW ZEALAND

http://www.emsc-csem.org/Earthquake/earthquake.php?id=411596

Subject To Change

Depth: 73 km

Distances: 429 km NE of Wellington, New Zealand / pop: 381,900 / local time: 23:43:44.3 2014-12-04
46 km N of Gisborne, New Zealand / pop: 34,274 / local time: 23:43:44.3 2014-12-04


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PROTON PARTICLES HAVE DRAMATICALLY INCREASED

**URGENT PROTON ALERT**
PROTON PARTICLES HAVE DRAMATICALLY INCREASED. FURTHER EARTHQUAKES, VOLCANO ACTIVITY & ADVERSE WEATHER PATTERNS WILL BE GREATLY INFLUENCED BY THE COSMIC RAYS STRIKING THE EARTH’S CORE

***BE ALERT***

Proton Alert 04.12.14 08.05 hrs UTC

MAGNITUDE 3.3 NEAR S.E. COAST OF AUSTRALIA

http://www.emsc-csem.org/Earthquake/earthquake.php?id=411538

Subject To Change

Depth: 10 km

Distances: 53 km SE of Melbourne, Australia / pop: 3,730,206 / local time: 06:05:10.0 2014-12-04
11 km SW of Pakenham Upper, Australia / pop: 1,833 / local time: 06:05:10.0 2014-12-04


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