Mass die off of turtles ‘is a mystery’ in Wellfleet Bay, Massachusetts, USA

Terrapins in Welfleet Bay in happier times.  Photo Courtesy of Rebecca Shoer
Terrapins in Welfleet Bay in happier times. Photo Courtesy of Rebecca Shoer
Dr. Barabara Brennessel, author of “Diamonds in the Marsh,” was strolling along Chipman’s Cove on April 15, checking to see if there were any signs of diamondback terrapins emerging from their winter brumation in the marsh to feed or mate. Instead, she found 10 dazed or dead turtles washed up along the wrack line. In the next three days nine more turned up.
 
“Then tons of people started calling in,” said Rebecca Shoer, Terrapin Field Coordinator at Mass Audubon’s Wellfleet Bay Wildlife Sanctuary.
 
The turtles, who are native to Wellfleet and spend every winter dug into the mud in Cape Cod Bay, normally should’ve been paddling about happily as the sun warmed the shallow marsh creeks.
 
“They were lethargic and unresponsive,” noted Shoer. “Turtles were coming up dead and showed symptoms similar to (cold-stunned) sea turtles but nothing like we’d seen before with terrapins. The vast majority were sexually mature females.”
 
All told, 89 turtles were found in bad shape or dead; one juvenile, 64 mature and 12 unknown as to age. More inexplicably, 76 of the 89 turtles were females; only six were male and seven were too small to identify.
 
“You can’t lose that many nesting females and not have an impact, we hated to lose those,” sanctuary Director Bob Prescott said. “A nest might have as many as 40 eggs but we’re in a better position to absorb the loss with the turtle gardens and many more volunteers.”
 
Forty-two turtles washed up dead. Six of the live ones later died.
 
“They were massively dehydrated, their eyes were sunken. They were lethargic and showed rear muscle paralysis. The legs were not functioning.
 
They had extremely low blood platelet counts which is something we see in hibernating turtles to make circulation easier,” Shoer explained. “But that something was killing them. They were essentially hemorrhaging from the eyes.”
 
Their blood was so thin it wasn’t clotting. Other were hemorrhaging internally. The live turtles were shipped to Tufts Veterinary School where several died.
 
“Some terrapins are recovering (at Tufts) and their blood work is fine but they still can’t use their back legs,” Shoer noted.
 
What happened and why is still a mystery.
 
“They just got up too early. The photoperiod said ‘wake up’ and it was way too cold,” Prescott speculated. “The folks at Tufts are finding their blood was thinned for brumation and they didn’t get a chance to thicken it up. The turtles at Tufts have sloughing scales and skin lesions.”
 
But there could be other reasons.
 
“At the end of April we got word of terrapin mortality on Long Island and in Delaware Bay. But that’s odd for cold stunning. We think their turtles started to eat snails and got red tide but it is still unclear,” Prescott said.
Courtesy of yarmouth.wickedlocal.com

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