Archive | July 31, 2015

Thousands of dead fish wash up in a lake in Wuhan City, China

 Fish Kill Alert
Recently, one of the major lakes in Wuhan City of Hubei Province South of Port-au-Prince Lake there large dead fish floating pile up at many of the banks have rotted and smelled the acrid. @ CCTV
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100+ Buffaloes and 2 Rhinos dead from outbreak of disease in Lake Nakuru National Park, Kenya

Rhinoceros/  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Rhinoceros/ U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Agriculture officials in Nakuru County, Kenya are investigating an anthrax outbreak that has killed scores of animals at  Lake Nakuru National Park.
According to local media, more than one hundred buffaloes and two rhinos have died in the past five days.
In addition, officials have killed animals suspected of having the lethal bacterial disease. Bacillus anthracis, the agent of anthrax, was confirmed by Kenya Wildlife Service veterinarians at the Lake Nakuru National Park.
Nakura County Executive for Agriculture Dr. Stanley Chepkwony said, “We are also warning people not to come into contact with these animals or their meat products.”
Anthrax is a bacterial pathogen in livestock and wild animals. Some of the more common herbivores are cattle, sheep,goats, horses, camels and deers. Anthrax is a very serious disease of livestock because it can potentially cause the rapid loss of a large number of animals in a very short time. Affected animals are often found dead with no illness detected.
It infects humans primarily through occupational or incidental exposure with infected animals of their skins.
Anthrax is caused by the bacterium, Bacillus anthracis. This spore forming bacteria can survive in the environment for years because of its ability to resist heat, cold, drying, etc.  This is usually the infectious stage of anthrax.
When conditions become favorable, the spores germinate into colonies of bacteria. An example would be a grazing cow ingests spores that in the cow, germinate, grow spread and eventually kill the animal.
The bacteria will form spores in the carcass and then return to the soil to infect other animals. The vegetative form is rarely implicated in transmission.  Strict enforcement of quarantines and proper burning and burying of carcasses from livestock suspected to have died from anthrax is important to prevent further soil contamination with the bacterial spores.
There are no reports of person-to-person transmission of anthrax. People get anthrax by handling contaminated animal or animal products, consuming undercooked meat of infected animals and more recently, intentional release of spores.
There are three types of human anthrax with differing degrees of seriousness: cutaneous, gastrointestinal and inhalation.
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***BE ALERT***

Magnetogram 31.07.15  22.39 hrs UTC

RED ALERT ISSUED Large explosive eruption, ash to 36,000 ft at Manam volcano in Papua New Guinea

A large explosive eruption occurred at the volcano today. The event produced an ash column that rose to approx. 65,000 ft (20 km) altitude and started to drift SW. 
VAAC Darwin changed aviation color code to red. This explosion, vulcanian or perhaps even sub-plinian in size, is the largest at the volcano in over 10 years. It seems to be similar to the powerful 24 Oct 2004 explosion.
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Tropical Storm Guillermo: ‘People should stay up to date and prepare’ in the Eastern Pacific towards Hawaii

Tropical Storm Guillermo continues to strengthen in the Eastern Pacific and maintain its course toward Hawaii. The cyclone is expected to build into a Category 1 hurricane today and maintain hurricane strength for several days before weakening back to a tropical storm on Tuesday.
But forecasters acknowledge the system has a lot of unknowns at this point. It could pass north of the state, bringing humidity reminiscent of tropical storms Ela and Enrique. It could hold its northwest track toward the island, or even weaken and veer south, said John Bravender, a forecaster with the National Weather Service in Honolulu. The storm could also intensify beyond current projections.
“We don’t want people to focus on one particular solution,” Bravender said. “It has the potential to approach the state, and people should stay up to date and prepare.”
By Tuesday night, the system is expected to be about 500 miles east of the Big Island as a tropical storm circulating 65 mph winds. At that point, a forecast break in a high pressure ridge should have the system veering onto a more northwesterly tack away from the islands, National Weather Service forecasters in Florida say.
Located 1,955 miles east-southeast of Kailua-Kona, Guillermo is set to peak with 90 mph winds on Saturday and Sunday, with some weakening beginning Monday as the system moves into an area of increased wind shear and lower sea surface temperatures. The storm is traveling west-northwest at 13 mph, with tropical storm force winds extending 60 miles from the center.
Guillermo is traveling south of a subtropical ridge, and weather models show a break in the ridge developing in the next few days, allowing the storm to begin a slight northwestward turn about 800 miles east-southeast of Hilo on Sunday. The forecast track has the storm gradually slowing in forward speed in the beginning of the week.
Dennis Feltgen, spokesman for the National Hurricane Center in Florida, cautioned that extended forecasts have a high degree of uncertainty.
“The track does appear to slow down on Monday and Tuesday, but we’ll have to see how that shakes out,” he said. “The message for Hawaii is there is no immediate cause for concern, but when a tropical cyclone is in that area, you don’t want to get caught off guard, and everyone should have a hurricane plan.”
Packing 45 mph winds, Guillermo is in a moist, unstable environment with 84 degree water conducive for development over the next several days. Forecasters with the NHC say the storm could go through a period of rapid intensification today. Satellite imagery shows bands of thunderstorms churning in the storm’s northern quadrant and entering the center from the west.
Guillermo is expected to enter the Central North Pacific basin on Saturday.
Tropical Depression Eight E became a remnant low overnight about 1,000 miles east of Hilo. The low was generating scattered thunderstorms at it moved west as 10 to 15 mph. The system is not expected to redevelop or have much effect on Hawaii.
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Thousands evacuated as cyclone hits Bangladesh

Cyclone Alert

A cyclone hitting the Bangladesh coast has forced the evacuation of thousands from mainly poor fishing communities, police and other officials said.
Cyclone Komen, forming in the Bay of Bengal, has destroyed dozens of makeshift homes on Bangladesh’s southernmost point of Saint Martin’s island as it moves towards the coast, local police chief Ataur Rahman said.
“At least 150 houses of local fishermen were reportedly destroyed due to the storm,” he said. Some 60,000 people have been evacuated from coastal villages in the southern resort district of Cox’s Bazar following concerns of high waves, senior local official Anupam Saha told AFP.
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Tropical storm is moving much faster and is less than 700 miles east of Saipan

Storm Less Than 700 Miles East of Saipan
Tropical Storm Soudelor is coming closer to the Marianas faster than it did throughout the day. As of 7 PM (CHST), the system was about 690 miles east of Saipan and 775 miles away from Guam, moving at about 15 MPH.
Regarding the forecast track of the storm, the National Weather Service writes, “Soudelor is expected to move in a general west-northwest direction for the next few days on a track that would take it through the Northern Mariana Islands near Alamagan late Sunday night or early Monday morning.”
Tropical Storm Soudelor has maintained its Maximum Sustained Winds at 45 MPH today but is expected to gain strength for the next few days. It may become a typhoon late Saturday. As typhoon conditions are now possible within 48 hours for some of Marianas and CNMI, NWS issued Typhoon Watches for Agrihan, Pagan, Alamagan, Saipan, and Tinian.
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