Depth: 2 km
Distances: 28 km NW of Kırıkkale, Turkey / pop: 211,000 / local time: 22:53:01.2 2021-01-10
Bird flu virus was detected in around 50 crows whose carcasses were found in Indore in Madhya Pradesh last week, prompting authorities to issue an alert.
SAMPLES OF dead migratory water birds found at the Pong Dam Lake in Himachal Pradesh have tested positive for avian influenza or bird flu.
RT-PCR testing of samples of five dead Bar-Headed geese conducted at the National Institute of High Security Animal Diseases (NIHSAD) in Bhopal found all birds positive for the H5N1 avian influenza virus, according to the report.
Around 1,800 migratory birds, most of them Bar-Headed Geese, have been found dead in the lake sanctuary so far.
“The laboratory at the Indian Veterinary Research Institute (IVRI) in Bareilly had detected avian influenza in the samples of dead birds, according to information conveyed to us by the Centre Monday. We were awaiting confirmation by NIHSAD as it is the nodal body for detecting this disease,” said Principal Chief Conservator of Forests (Wildlife) Archana Sharma. She added that the Northern Regional Disease Diagnostic Laboratory in Jalandhar has also suspected avian influenza in the bird samples.
Dr VK Gupta, joint director of the Centre for Animal Disease Research and Diagnosis (CADRAD) at IVRI Bareilly, where the preliminary testing was conducted, said the samples had tested positive for antigens associated with influenza. The samples were then sent to the laboratory in Bhopal for a confirmatory test and to identify the type and strain of the virus, he added.
Director of animal husbandry Dr Ajmer Dogra said that the department has formed a rapid response team to deal with the suspected epizootic.
Bird flu is a highly infectious and severe respiratory disease in birds caused by the H5N1 influenza virus, which can occasionally infect humans as well, although human-to-human transmission is unusual, according to the World Health Organisation.
Birds in large numbers have been dying mysteriously across the country in recent days. In neighbouring Haryana, around a lakh poultry birds are reported to have died in Barwala in the last few days, while in Rajasthan, the death of a number of crows in Jhalawar has been linked to avian influenza. Samples of some ducks in Kerala have also reportedly tested positive for the bird flu.
In Himachal’s Pong Lake wildlife sanctuary, wildlife staff first reported the sudden death of four Bar-Headed Geese and one Common Teal in Fatehpur area last Monday. The next day, over 400 migratory waterfowl were found dead in Majhar, Bathari, Sihal, Jagnoli, Chatta, Dhameta and Kuthera areas in the wildlife ranges of Dhameta and Nagrota. Subsequently, hundreds more birds were found dead each day, totaling 1,773 till Sunday, Sharma said.
She said more than 90 per cent of the dead birds were Bar-Headed Geese, the most common migratory species at the lake who arrive here from Central Asia, Russia, Mongolia and other regions in winters after crossing the Himalayan ranges. There are 8-9 other bird species whose members have been found dead. Last year, more than one lakh migratory birds had camped at the lake by late January and this year, more than 50,000 have arrived so far.
The dead birds are being disposed off as per bird-flu protocol, officials said, adding that no such deaths have been reported so far from other water bodies in the state.
Kangra DC bans slaughter, sale, purchase, export of poultry, birds, fish
The Pong reservoir and and an area of radius one kilometre around its periphery has been declared an alert zone, in which no human and domestic livestock activities are now allowed and the movement of tourists as well as local residents has been banned, according to an order issued by Kangra DC Rakesh Prajapati under the Disaster Management Act. The next 9 km after the alert zone comprise a surveillance zone, and all tourism activity in the reservoir area has been suspended.
The DC has also prohibited slaughtering, sale, purchase and export of any poultry, birds, fish of any breed and their related products including eggs, meat, chicken etc. in Fatehpur, Dehra, Jawali and Indora subdivisions of the district. He said that shops selling these products will also remain closed in these subdivisions.
Wildlife, veterinary and animal husbandry staff across the state have been put on alert and asked to immediately report the death of any bird or animal. The Gopalpur zoo in Kangra, which is situated near the Pong Lake, has been put on high alert.
Courtesy of indianexpress.com
The current cold spell in upper Thailand has killed at least 10 tonnes of fish being raised in baskets in Tha Uthen distict.
The cold weather moved in before the New Year, with temperatures of 10-12°C overnight.
Farmers raising fish in the Songkhram stream, a Mekong river tributary, are mostly from Hat Kuan village in tambon Chaiburi of Tha Uthen district.
They said large numbers of fish, mostly Nile tilapia or pla nil, had died in the last few days. They estimated their losses at 10 tonnes or more. The fish were four to five months old and weighed 1-1.2 kilogrammes each, and were almost ready for market. They valued the total loss at 500,000 baht.
The dead fish had to be buried. Fishery officials had warned them the fish were not safe to eat.
Piya Atkachorn, chief of the fishery office of Tha Uthen, said the fish died from a combination of the cold and low oxygen content of the water of Songkhram stream.
His office was looking into ways of mitigating the damage to the fish farmers, he said.
Courtesy of bangkokpost.com
The avian influenza virus H5N8 has been found at a large plant in Skåne, the Swedish Board of Agriculture and the National Veterinary Institute, SVA, have been found. On Tuesday, the plant’s 18,000 animals will begin.
SVA is currently investigating the cause of infection. Most likely, the virus has come indirectly, via wild birds.
“We know that the infection is high in mainly aquatic wild birds, which means that the risk is great in coastal areas and near lakes,” Malin Grant, epidemiologist at SVA told ATL and continues:
“Geese, for example, can secrete large amounts of viruses and in the prevailing weather conditions, when it is cold and lack of sunlight, it can survive for quite some time.
She explains that it is often not possible to determine exactly how the virus has entered the facility.
“There are many different pathways such as staff getting it on or it comes on equipment, indirectly via rodents or wild birds, or ventilation ducts.
Two buildings on the facility were found to be affected by the virus. 18 000 poultry will therefore need to be killed and the buildings cleaned up. This work will begin on Tuesday. A decision on a lockdown has been made by the Swedish Board of Agriculture with a protection zone of three kilometres around the holding in question, and a monitoring zone with a radius of ten kilometres.
“This means that animals or animal products can not be moved without permission in the area. The same is true in both zones and permits are needed to move and transport poultry,” says Katharina Gielen, deputy head of the animal department at the Swedish Board of Agriculture.
In addition, domestic birds should be kept indoors, except in the case of special derogations.
“But then you have to do everything to protect them even outdoors, such as having a roof over feed and water, having them fenced and on reduced surface so that they don’t move completely freely,” says Katharina Gielen.
She tells us that they have been on site to see what large facilities are within the zones and been in contact with them to tell them the situation and get an overview of the farms.
“When bird flu is detected, we are obliged to do so, just as pet owners are obliged to report episotomy in the event of episothey.
It is important to have rapid control in the affected part, otherwise there is a risk of further spread. Malin Grant says that the farm in question acted early and that it is a facility with high biosecurity, which happened to be affected.
“The virus is extremely contagious.
She says there are several issues that farmers can think through around their own herd to try to reduce the risk of infection and spread of the virus:
“What are the possible routes into my animals? What about staff routines, protective equipment, hand washing, transport, visitors? If you can keep wild birds away from the outdoor environment near the farm, it is an advantage, by eliminating things that attract them.
This could include, for example, ensuring that there are no feed spills or bodies of water on the farm.
On November 6, infection of the virus occurred within a Turkey herd in Skåne. Katharina Gielen says that they recently lifted the restrictions and that the plant has been declared free of infection.
How long it takes for an infected farm to be released varies.
“It all depends on the size of the crew and that everything runs on as expected. The animals must first be killed, then buildings are to be cleaned up and so it should be empty for a certain period.
After the outbreak on the turkey herd, protection level 2has applied throughout Sweden , which means that domestic poultry are not allowed to stay outdoors except in special exceptions. There are no plans to lift the restrictions at this time.
“It is based on international surveillance and reports that viruses are currently circulating among wild birds, in several countries in Europe. The danger is certainly not over yet,” says Katharina Gielen.
“We keep our fingers crossed that no more people will be affected. This can mean significant financial losses and consequences for the producers affected. But also great animal suffering,” says Malin Grant.
Courtesy of atl.nu
As Marco Island builds high concentration levels of red tide, Collier County cleanup crews took on raking up hundreds of pounds of dead fish over the weekend, according to Florida Fish & Wildlife Conservation Commission.
Since Friday, the county said they raked 150 to 200 pounds on Marco Island alone. But on Tigertail Beach, there is still work to be done.
“It’s interesting because the coughing will come pretty much at the same time. We’ll both be hit at the same time,” Elisa Milano said.
The couple sat nearly a mile away from the water.
“It’s not as bad back here,” Milano said.
Meanwhile at the shoreline, Janice Shaffer and her grandchildren made the best of a bizarre beach day.
“It comes almost every year, so we just kind of deal with it. I try to get the grandkids not to touch the dead fish, which is gross,” Shaffer said.
Others, like Pam and Sybil Burge went out of their way to dodge dead fish in order to snag some shells. Both said they wonder what the county is doing to clean up the mess.
“Since I’m still shrieking every time I cross an eel or a fish, I would say, could you do a better job?” Sybil Burge said.
The county said cleanup will take time. In smaller areas, like Vanderbilt Beach, crews can rake up all the dead fish every weekday. But with 2.5 miles of beach to rake on Marco, it will take a few days.
Courtesy of nbc-2.com
Hundreds of dead birds were found lying around the Termini train station on Via Cavour in Rome on New Year’s night. The exact cause of death is unclear, but Diego Finecchia believed it was linked to firework displays that took place in the city to mark the beginning of the new year.
Rome had announced a fireworks ban ahead of New Year’s Eve as a means of keeping citizens, animals and the city’s archaeological heritage safe, but the ban was largely ignored.
Courtesy of BBC News
Depth: 10 km
Distances: 59 km SSW of Bayamón, Puerto Rico / pop: 203,000 / local time: 14:19:16.8 2021-01-10
Depth: 162 km
Distances: 2906 km W of Valdivia, Chile / pop: 133,000 / local time: 12:44:47.9 2021-01-10
972 km SSE of Hanga Roa, Chile / pop: 3,300 / local time: 10:44:47.9 2021-01-10
Depth: 162 km
Distances: 196 km NNW of Port-Vila, Vanuatu / pop: 35,900 / local time: 17:48:20.1 2021-01-10