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New satellite images reveal mysterious dome structure hidden in Antarctica fuelling shock claims an ancient civilisation once lived there
The mysterious oval-shaped building can be seen from satellite images – Google Earth
A HUGE structure has been discovered in Antarctica – and it’s baffling scientists.
Conspiracy theorists insist that the Google Earth image proves the South Pole was once home to an ancient city.
The claims come just months after an image appeared to show a pyramid on Antarctica – Google Earth
It appears to be 400ft across and man-made, with its discovery added to a mounting list of evidence which claims there could be a hidden city frozen underneath the surface.
Antarctica is largely uninhabited due to its freezing temperatures.
Scientists initially suspected the strange mound was sastrugi – sharp grooves formed on snow by strong winds.
But this phenomena normally has short, sharp, edges and the mystery structure appears to be oval.
It comes just months after a huge pyramid-like shape was discovered on the freezing continent.
Rumours of a hidden city underneath the ice have been circulating for years.
Just last week scientists discovered a massive object lurking beneath frozen wasteland in Antarctica.
The huge and mysterious “anomaly” stretches for 151 miles across and could be buried 848 metres underneath the land.
Researchers were baffled by the discovery, which some people claim could be a evidence hidden civilisation with “traces of a human settlement underneath the ice” revealed in photographs released by NASA.
Conspiracy theorists and even some scientists claim the freezing continent is actually the home of the legendary Lost City of Atlantis.
An artist’s impression of how a city in Antarctica could look – Dave Demaret
Sastrugi is a natural phenomenon which occurs when high winds blow across the snow, creating sharp, stiff peaks – Getty Images
Antarctica is largely uninhabited except for penguins – Getty Images
The theory alleges that movements in the Earth’s crust meant that large parts of Antarctica were ice-free 12,000 years ago and people could have lived there.
Allegedly, a society could have existed before coming to an end with the last Ice Age which froze over the continent.
And this could have been Atlantis, a mythical city founded by people who were half god and half human which was first mentioned by Greek philosopher Plato in 360BC.
Speculation over the location of the legendary long-lost city is rife, with others believing it to have been near the Greek island of Santorini.
Antarctica’s secret city was apparently ‘”confirmed” by an ancient map called the Piri Reis map, compiled in 1513 from military intelligence.
It appears to show the Antarctic coast hundreds of years before it was discovered, but was denounced by many scholars at the time.
Conspiracy theorists went wild earlier this year when a video claiming to be from the lost city emerged.
It appeared to show extensive ancient ruins hidden in the ice, and was a video supposedly left behind by a California TV crew who have been missing since 2002.
Archaeologist Jonathan Gray claimed the US government is trying to block the video from being seen because it reveals there is a “massive archaeological dig under way two miles beneath the ice”.
But that’s not the wildest claim – with several online websites claiming that there is a city in Antarctica and HITLER knew about it, making it a secret Nazi base.
Antarctica is huge and mostly uninhabited, with its few residents being scientific researchers – Getty Images
The theory goes that the Nazis claimed an area of Antarctica as German territory and sent an expedition there.
They then allegedly mapped the area and discovered a network of rivers and caves, one of which led to a large geothermal lake.
A city-sized base was built there, called “Base 22 or New Berlin”, and supposedly was home to not only Nazis but also the Illuminati.
But things get even weirder with suggestions that the Germans discovered abandoned alien technology OR contacted aliens, and used it to make super weapons.
And some people think the rumoured base still exists, with the Germans, aliens, and the Illuminati planning to launch a New World Order from it.
In October, explorers discovered the remnants of a secret Nazi base hidden deep in the Arctic, just 600 miles from the North Pole.
Courtesy of thesun.co.uk
Huge Antarctic iceberg a quarter of the size of Wales set to collapse causing global sea levels to soar by 10cm and threatening deadly floods
The rift has been growing over the past month, with the iceberg set to break off soon – Press Association
A HUGE iceberg a quarter of the size of Wales is set to break off from Antarctica, threatening the collapse of a shelf of ice which could bring deadly floods.
Scientists say a rift in the Larsen C ice shelf is growing bigger and bigger – and with just 20km holding it in place, the 5,000 sq km bit of ice is expected to break free in the near future.
The piece of ice set to detach is a quarter of the size of Wales and could trigger further collapses of the Larsen C shelf – Press Association
Scientists say the huge piece of ice will break off over the next few months
The 350m thick iceberg will be a quarter of the size of Wales making it one of the biggest ever seen and currently floats on the edge of West Antarctica, holding back glaciers that feed into it.
This means that when it splits off the glaciers behind it will flow out to the sea and could bring huge floods.
Researchers claim sea levels could raise by 10cm if the whole ice shelf breaks up in the future after Larsen C.
Larsen C’s rift surged in December, with the future iceberg set to detach over the next couple of months.
Research project leader Professor Adrian Luckman of Swansea University told the BBC: “If it doesn’t go in the next few months, I’ll be amazed.
“The eventual consequences might be the ice shelf collapsing in years to decades.”
Scientists been tracking the rift in Larsen C for years after Larsen A collapsed in 1995 and Larsen B in 2002.
The collapse of Larsen B, a 1,235 square mile chunk of ice, resulted in warmer temperatures after it broke off after being stable for 12,000 years.
The whole of the West Antarctic ice sheet could collapse within the next century, leading to a dramatic rise in sea levels and cities engulfed in water.
Ohio State researchers revealed that “The collapse would lead to a sea-level rise of nearly 10 feet, which would engulf major U.S. cities such as New York and Miami and displace 150 million people living on coasts worldwide.”
The ice shelf is starting to collapse, like Larsen B, above, and could completely break away as a huge iceberg – NASA
The continent is covered in ice and has very few inhabitants beside researchers – Getty Images
Last year a team of British scientists revealed they are preparing to set off on a research mission to Antarctica this summer, where they will be forced to endure -55C temperatures.
They will be based at the British Antarctic Survey’s Halley Research Centre, which is one of the world’s most remote research bases and sits 850 miles from the South Pole.
And the icy continent is a hotspot for conspiracy theories, with internet sleuths claiming that it used to be inhabited.
Satellite images revealed what appears to be a large man-made structure on Antarctica, just months after claims an ancient city could be hidden under the ice.
Courtesy of thesun.co.uk
The 70-mile-long, 300-feet-wide and 0.3-mile-deep-rift in an Antarctica ice shelf, photographed by NASA’s IceBridge mission on November 10, is growing. Its scope is now threatening to produce an iceberg the size of Delaware and destabilize a larger area of ice about the size of Scotland. When the iceberg calving event happens, it will be the third-largest in recorded history.
The rift is likely to lead to an iceberg breaking off, which will remove about 10% of the ice shelf’s area.
The rift in Larsen C, Antarctica’s fourth-largest ice shelf, is expected to break off and create a 2,300 square mile iceberg, which will add another 4 inches to sea levels. According to scientists, the eventual calving of the Delaware-size ice sheet would remove between 10% and 12% of Larsen C’s surface area; it may even lead to the crumbling of the entire ice shelf. NASA explains:
“Ice shelves are the floating parts of ice streams and glaciers, and they buttress the grounded ice behind them; when ice shelves collapse, the ice behind accelerates toward the ocean, where it then adds to sea level rise. Larsen C neighbors a smaller ice shelf that disintegrated in 2002 after developing a rift similar to the one now growing in Larsen C. The crack completely cuts through the ice shelf but it does not go all the way across it – once it does, it will produce an iceberg roughly the size of the state of Delaware.”
It’s not unusual for ice shelves to calve large icebergs as snow accumulation gradually pushes old glacier ice out to sea. However, that process normally takes months to years, as cracks slowly form in the ice.
But recent ice shelf collapses in the Arctic and Antarctica are related to climate change, scientists say, due to increasing air and sea temperatures. Moreover, the recent ice shelf collapses have happened over a period of weeks. The Larsen-B ice shelf started seeing the big melt in 2002. It saw a massive 1,235 square miles of ice break apart into thousands of icebergs in just 35 days.
Joe MacGregor, a glaciologist and geophysicist at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center, commented:
“It’s a large rift on an ice shelf whose future we are curious about. Inevitably, when you see it in satellite imagery or from a plane, you wonder what is going to happen when it breaks off. However, large icebergs calve from ice shelves regularly and they normally do not lead to ice-shelf collapse. The growth of this rift likely indicates that the portion of the ice shelf downstream of the rift is no longer holding back any grounded ice.”
MacGregor also revealed it may be “a month, maybe a year” before the ice block chips off. And when it does break off, he said, it will “drift out into the Weddell Sea and then the Southern Ocean and be caught up in the broader clockwise ocean circulation and then melt, which will take at least several months, given its size.”
NASA’s #IceBridge mission measured changing antarctic ice. Changing polar land and sea ice will impact sea levels, and the entire planet.
Courtesy of anonhq.com
A reading of 135.8 degrees Fahrenheit below zero was measured in Antarctica, using remote sensing from satellites.
Based on remote satellite measurements, scientists recently recorded that temperature at a desolate ice plateau in East Antarctica. It was the lowest temperature ever recorded on Earth, though it may not get that recognition in the official record book.
A NASA satellite measured that temperature in August 2010; on July 31 of this year, another bone-chilling temperature of -135.3 degrees was recorded.
“I’ve never been in conditions that cold, and I hope I never am,” said ice scientist Ted Scambos of the National Snow and Ice Data Center in Boulder, Colo. “I am told that every breath is painful, and you have to be extremely careful not to freeze part of your throat or lungs when inhaling.”
The -135.8-degree reading is “50 degrees colder than anything that has ever been seen in Alaska or Siberia or certainly North Dakota,” he said.
“It’s more like you’d see on Mars on a nice summer day in the poles,” Scambos said from the American Geophysical Union scientific meeting in San Francisco on Monday, where he announced the data.
Winter in Antarctica occurs, as it does throughout the Southern Hemisphere, in the months of June, July and August, when the continent is in total darkness.
A high ridge in East Antarctica is officially the coldest place on Earth. NASA confirmed a new record there for the lowest temperature on the books: nearly -136 degrees Fahrenheit. VPC (Photo: National Snow and Ice Data Center)
There’s cold, and then there’s Antarctica cold. … How does a frosty reading of 135.8 degrees below zero sound?
The official record, as measured by a thermometer, remains -128.6 degrees, set in Vostok, Antarctica, on July 21, 1983. The World Meteorological Organization (WMO), the official keepers of world weather records, recognizes only readings measured by thermometers on location, not remotely by satellite.
“Vostok is still the world’s coldest recorded location,” said Randy Cerveny, an Arizona State University professor of geography and the “rapporteur for climate extremes” at the WMO, via e-mail. “They are using remote sensing, not standard weather stations, so we at the World Meteorological Organization will not recognize that.”
Cerveny noted that there is no way to determine the elevation of the remote-sensed value. Official temperature measurements must be made of the air about 7 feet above the ground, to prevent the ground temperature from impacting the air temperature.
Vostok is a Russian research station about 600 miles from the South Pole, where the highest temperature ever recorded was 4 degrees on a summer afternoon.
As for the USA’s coldest mark on record, it’s -80 degrees, set in Prospect Creek, Alaska, on Jan. 23, 1971, according to Christopher Burt, weather historian for the Weather Underground. Excluding Alaska, the lowest temperature was the -70-degree temperature recorded in Rogers Pass, Mont., in January 1954.
Courtesy of thegwpf.com
A new NASA study says that Antarctica is overall accumulating ice. Still, areas of the continent, like the Antarctic Peninsula photographed above, have increased their mass loss in the last decades.
Credits: NASA’s Operation IceBridge
A new NASA study says that an increase in Antarctic snow accumulation that began 10,000 years ago is currently adding enough ice to the continent to outweigh the increased losses from its thinning glaciers.
The research challenges the conclusions of other studies, including the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s (IPCC) 2013 report, which says that Antarctica is overall losing land ice.
According to the new analysis of satellite data, the Antarctic ice sheet showed a net gain of 112 billion tons of ice a year from 1992 to 2001. That net gain slowed to 82 billion tons of ice per year between 2003 and 2008.
“We’re essentially in agreement with other studies that show an increase in ice discharge in the Antarctic Peninsula and the Thwaites and Pine Island region of West Antarctica,” said Jay Zwally, a glaciologist with NASA Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland, and lead author of the study, which was published on Oct. 30 in the Journal of Glaciology. “Our main disagreement is for East Antarctica and the interior of West Antarctica – there, we see an ice gain that exceeds the losses in the other areas.” Zwally added that his team “measured small height changes over large areas, as well as the large changes observed over smaller areas.”
Scientists calculate how much the ice sheet is growing or shrinking from the changes in surface height that are measured by the satellite altimeters. In locations where the amount of new snowfall accumulating on an ice sheet is not equal to the ice flow downward and outward to the ocean, the surface height changes and the ice-sheet mass grows or shrinks.
But it might only take a few decades for Antarctica’s growth to reverse, according to Zwally. “If the losses of the Antarctic Peninsula and parts of West Antarctica continue to increase at the same rate they’ve been increasing for the last two decades, the losses will catch up with the long-term gain in East Antarctica in 20 or 30 years — I don’t think there will be enough snowfall increase to offset these losses.”
The study analyzed changes in the surface height of the Antarctic ice sheet measured by radar altimeters on two European Space Agency European Remote Sensing (ERS) satellites, spanning from 1992 to 2001, and by the laser altimeter on NASA’s Ice, Cloud, and land Elevation Satellite (ICESat) from 2003 to 2008.
Zwally said that while other scientists have assumed that the gains in elevation seen in East Antarctica are due to recent increases in snow accumulation, his team used meteorological data beginning in 1979 to show that the snowfall in East Antarctica actually decreased by 11 billion tons per year during both the ERS and ICESat periods. They also used information on snow accumulation for tens of thousands of years, derived by other scientists from ice cores, to conclude that East Antarctica has been thickening for a very long time.
“At the end of the last Ice Age, the air became warmer and carried more moisture across the continent, doubling the amount of snow dropped on the ice sheet,” Zwally said.
The extra snowfall that began 10,000 years ago has been slowly accumulating on the ice sheet and compacting into solid ice over millennia, thickening the ice in East Antarctica and the interior of West Antarctica by an average of 0.7 inches (1.7 centimeters) per year. This small thickening, sustained over thousands of years and spread over the vast expanse of these sectors of Antarctica, corresponds to a very large gain of ice – enough to outweigh the losses from fast-flowing glaciers in other parts of the continent and reduce global sea level rise.
Zwally’s team calculated that the mass gain from the thickening of East Antarctica remained steady from 1992 to 2008 at 200 billion tons per year, while the ice losses from the coastal regions of West Antarctica and the Antarctic Peninsula increased by 65 billion tons per year.
“The good news is that Antarctica is not currently contributing to sea level rise, but is taking 0.23 millimeters per year away,” Zwally said. “But this is also bad news. If the 0.27 millimeters per year of sea level rise attributed to Antarctica in the IPCC report is not really coming from Antarctica, there must be some other contribution to sea level rise that is not accounted for.”
“The new study highlights the difficulties of measuring the small changes in ice height happening in East Antarctica,” said Ben Smith, a glaciologist with the University of Washington in Seattle who was not involved in Zwally’s study.
“Doing altimetry accurately for very large areas is extraordinarily difficult, and there are measurements of snow accumulation that need to be done independently to understand what’s happening in these places,” Smith said.
To help accurately measure changes in Antarctica, NASA is developing the successor to the ICESat mission, ICESat-2, which is scheduled to launch in 2018. “ICESat-2 will measure changes in the ice sheet within the thickness of a No. 2 pencil,” said Tom Neumann, a glaciologist at Goddard and deputy project scientist for ICESat-2. “It will contribute to solving the problem of Antarctica’s mass balance by providing a long-term record of elevation changes.”
Map showing the rates of mass changes from ICESat 2003-2008 over Antarctica. Sums are for all of Antarctica: East Antarctica (EA, 2-17); interior West Antarctica (WA2, 1, 18, 19, and 23); coastal West Antarctica (WA1, 20-21); and the Antarctic Peninsula (24-27). A gigaton (Gt) corresponds to a billion metric tons, or 1.1 billion U.S. tons.
Credits: Jay Zwally/ Journal of Glaciology
Courtesy of nasa.gov