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Record Xmas Heatwave Strikes Adelaide, Australia

Record High Temperatures
Adelaide is having its hottest Christmas Day in decades and has become the hottest capital city in Australia.
The Bureau of Meteorology says the temperature in the South Australian city reached 41.3C (106.3F) at 3.50pm.
“The last time when we had about 40C on Christmas Day was in 1945 and the temperature back then was 40.1C, so we’ve broken that record,” forecaster Kenneth Cheung told AAP.
Beach goers – in Adelaide and other parts of the country – posted pictures of themselves sunbathing and trying to cool off in the water as a heatwave affected large parts of southern and eastern Australia.
Melbourne recorded a maximum temperature of 36.3C, which was the hottest Christmas since 1998, according to local news reports.
In Sydney, with a comparatively mild 27.4C, many crowded the popular Bondi Beach outside Australia’s largest city.
Earlier this month, Sydney sweltered through its hottest December night in 148 years: 27.1C on 14 December.
Courtesy of Sky News

Coldest September in 50 years in Brazil

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Such low temperatures were not recorded in MS since 1966, when it began measurements in the state
The entry of a polar cold air mass led up to the central part of Brazil. In Mato Grosso do Sul, five cities recorded frosts this holiday. They were: Amambai – with the lowest value, according to the National Institute of Meteorology, with 2.2 degrees – Juti, Ponta Pora, Puerto Mutinho and Seven Falls.
Some pastures have been damaged. This is the coldest September since the beginning of measurements in the state in 1966. Frosts also hit some municipalities in Paraná and Santa Catarina, there are no reported damage to wheat crops of these two states. 
On Friday, the 9th the sun prevails among few clouds mostly in the Midwest and makes the temperatures come rising both morning and afternoon. There is some variation of cloudiness in northern Mato Grosso and east of Goias, where it can rain in isolation.
The relative humidity starts to get lower in the Pantanal region, which favors the increase in the number of fires.
In the South, the cold dawn loses strength compared to the previous day, but follows the condition for occasional frosts between the Santa Catarina mountains and east of Parana in the early hours of the day.
Time is tight, dry, without condition for rain in any of the three states. The relative humidity begins to fall a little further inland in the afternoon, approaching critical levels particularly in the gaucho west.
The cooler soil can delay planting of the new summer season. “We will need at least another 10 days with temperatures above 30 degrees to the ground heat up and become suitable to receive the seeds,” said Desirée Brandt, meteorologist Somar.
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Record Breaking Heatwave Strikes France

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As France is experiencing record-breaking heat so late in the summer, French zoos are trying to help animals cope with high temperatures.
While people may find the unprecedented heat a chance to enjoy the sea for a longer while, some zoo animals find it unbearable.
To help them cool off, caretakers at Ménagerie du Jardin des plantes zoo in Paris are providing the animals with scented ice-cubes or water sprays.
Animals at the Plant Garden also get to snack on watermelon pieces or other fresh treats that are served in their cages or in pools.
Sprinklers also help more sensitive species keep their cool and make it through the intense heat. Almost half of France was on high alert on Saturday due to the heat wave.
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Coldest Winter On Track For This Century In Perth, Australia

Record Cold Alert
PERTH is on track for the coldest winter this century.
June and July temperatures have been the coldest in years, including several hot-water bottle-bursting mornings that have dropped below zero.
Failing a warmer spell in the next fortnight, the weather bureau predicts Perth will post its coldest winter since 1998.
The mean maximum for June and July was 18.2C, the lowest since 1998 when a mean of 17.6C was recorded for the two months. The mean minimum for June and July was 8.2C, the coldest for three years.
“There have also been three confirmed reports of snow on the Stirling Ranges this winter so far, which is the highest number since 1998,” Bureau of Meteorology spokesman Neil Bennet said.
“On average, snow falls once a year in WA.”
While Perth has shivered, northern WA has been experiencing record heat, with Kalumburu having the hottest July day recorded for Australia with 38.3C and Troughton Island, off the Kimberley coast, recording the hottest June night for Australia with 28.8C.
The June-July rain for Perth was 249mm, the wettest for those two months since 2011 when 332.4mm fell, but still below the long-term mean of 341.2mm.
Water Corporation spokeswoman Clare Lugar said: “With just three weeks left of winter to go and despite the public perception we’ve had a wet winter, we are only now starting to see stream flows into Perth’s drinking water dams.”
She said 10.3 billion litres of water had made its way into the dams – the equivalent of more than 4500 Olympic-sized swimming pools – but the Water Corporation had to supply more than 290 billion litres of drinking water a year.
Last year, dams received the lowest input since records began in 1911 with only 11.4 billion litres.
Perth is set to enjoy sunny skies today but the wet weather is expected to return tomorrow.
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Record Breaking Temperature In Kuwait

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If you’re feeling flustered by the mini-heathwave over parts of the UK and Europe at the moment, then you’ll want to avoid the Middle East right now. On Thursday a blistering temperature of 54C (129.3F) was recorded in Kuwait, firmly putting our hot spell into context. It is the highest temperature ever recorded in the eastern hemisphere and almost certainly the highest temperature ever recorded on earth.
A weather station in Mitribah, a remote featureless area of north-west Kuwait, took the temperature last week during an intense heatwave that continues in parts of the Middle East. The mercury in neighbouring Iraq on the same day soared to 53.9C (129F) in the ancient city of Basra.
If verified by the World Meteorological Organisation, they will almost certainly be the two highest temperatures ever recorded on the planet.
Until now the official record for the highest temperature was 56.7C (134.1F) on 10 July 1913 at Furnace Creek Ranch in Death Valley, California. But many modern meteorologists are sceptical of the record, arguing that the equipment used at the time was prone to error and not as reliable as modern recording methods.
Records show nearby places were nowhere near as hot and the wind conditions not favourable for such high temperatures, they argue.
According to Weather Underground meteorologist Christopher Burt: “That record has been scrutinized perhaps more than any other in the United States. I don’t have much more to add to the debate aside from my belief it is most likely not a valid reading when one looks at all the evidence.”
Dr Jeff Masters, also of Weather Underground, noticed the record-breaking quality potential in Kuwait, describing it as “a historic day”.
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Severe Heatwave Breaks Record In Thailand

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AUTHORITIES in Thailand have urged the public to stay indoors to avoid the hot weather as the country was facing the longest heatwave in over half a century.
In the wake of the situation, animals at Bangkok’s zoo were being fed special frozen fruit pops while people are flocking to shopping malls just to soak up the air-conditioning.
Although Thailand is typically hot and sweaty in April, this year’s scorching weather has set a record for the longest heatwave in at least 65 years.
The average peak temperature each day this month has been above 40 degrees Celsius, with the mercury spiking one day to 44.3 degrees Celsius – just short of the all-time record.
The heatwave has also fueled a new record for energy consumption and prompted health warnings on everything from food-borne illness to drowning, both of which rise every April when Thailand’s hottest month coincides with school summer break.
“As of now we can say we’ve broken the record for the highest temperatures over the longest duration in 65 years – and the season isn’t over yet,” said Surapong Sarapa, head of the Thai Meteorological Department’s weather forecast division.
He added that 1960 – the year Thailand began keeping national weather records – was the last time the weather was this hot.
On this very day (April 27) in 1960, Thailand posted its hottest day ever recorded with 44.5 degrees Celsius in the northern province of Uttaradit.
Countries across Southeast Asia are also feeling the heat, which scientists say is triggered by El Niño, a warming of parts of the Pacific Ocean that changes weather worldwide and tends to push global temperatures up. El Niño has also been blamed for causing the worst drought in decades across the region.
Neighboring Malaysia is predicted to endure another two months of hot as the El Niño phenomenon is expected to only dissipate in June, based on an analysis by the Climate Prediction Center (CPC) of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) in the United States.
Thailand’s Department of Disease Control has warned people to beware of food poisoning and other food-related illnesses that typically increase during hot weather when bacteria can thrive on unrefrigerated food.
“Stay indoors, try to limit activity outdoors. Wear sunglasses, wear hats with large brims. Drink more water than usual,” the disease control center said in a statement this week.
It also reminded the public of the increased risk of drowning in hot weather as children flock to Thailand’s beaches, ponds and lakes to take a swim.
“Do not let young children out of your sight for even a brief moment,” the statement said, noting that an average of 90 children die every month in Thailand from drowning, but that number increases to about 135 in April.
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Record Breaking Heatwave Targets Southern Australia

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AUSTRALIA’S southern states are in the grip of record-breaking heatwaves — with summer-like conditions set to continue for at least another week.
New South Wales, Victoria and South Australia have already experienced above average March temperatures.
Bureau of Meteorology senior forecaster Agata Imielska said weather records had been broken in recent weeks but more looked set to be smashed in coming days.
Sydney has seen 29 consecutive days of temperatures 26C or above, breaking its previous record of 19 consecutive days from March 2014.
“It will probably keep going because Sydney is looking like it’s going to have a nice period of high temperatures with 28-29C this weekend and above 30-32C days forecast from Sunday 30 or 32 each day, ” Ms Imielska said.
The mercury is expected to nudge 30C in Sydney, and higher in the western suburbs, every day next week.
Ms Imielska said Sydney ocean temperatures were sitting on a mild 24 degrees and contributing to the mercury not dropping below 19C overnight more than twice since the start of February.
“It’s a good stretch of nice settled weather spilling over from summer,” she said,
“Summer hasn’t released its grip on our weather just yet.”
Much of Australia is sweltering through the hottest start to Autumn in decade. Picture: BOM
But conditions will be less than idyllic in other parts of the country, from this weekend.
BOM senior forecaster Adam Morgan said west NSW was in for a scorcher with Wagga Wagga and Albury to endure extreme temperatures with the potential to break more records.
“In Albury we’re forecasting seven days in a row above 38C and that will penetrate to eastern SA and west NSW,” he said.
The last time the mercury hit 38C for the region in March was in 2008 and lasted only one day.
VIC is expected to see the worst of the heatwave caused by a blocking high pressure system in the Tasman Sea.
“Most of the heat is going to be focused in the north western ranges,” Mr Morgan said.
“We could easily see some more records broken in Victoria for consecutive hot days.
“Victoria is mostly predicted to be in the high to very high fire danger range today and over the weekend, with a chance of moving to severe fire danger.
“Winds will be light to moderate which might not bump up the fire danger to severe but forecasters are watching it very closely.”
Mr Morgan said Australia was still under the influence of the El Niño event, which was partly responsible for making the first month of Autumn mimicking summer.
“The El Nino is expected to decay by mid this year but for now its effects are still being felt,” he said.
“It’s going to be a while until we see any cold fronts or cool changes yet.”
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Hottest Xmas 2015 On Record In Parts Of The USA

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It was the hottest Christmas since records began for swathes of the east coast yesterday – and the unseasonably balmy weather is set to continue with temperatures as high as 86F expected in Florida on Saturday.
The Midwest and the South are also forecast soaring heat – with temperatures forecast to hit the 80s in Georgia, South Carolina and Texas this weekend – albeit with a chance of lightning storms.
The combination of record-setting temperatures and gnarly waves had New York City surfers hitting summertime surf spot Rockaway Beach on Christmas morning – and it will still be a relatively mild 52F in Manhattan on Saturday. 
With temperatures nearing the 60s, some surfers were wearing thinner-than-usual wetsuits without customary winter hoods and gloves on Christmas Day as they enjoyed the best of Christmas presents: nearly 5-foot waves breaking just so into the Queens shore.
Parts of Florida and the South and Midwest are forecast temperatures of up to 86F on Saturday as the hot weather rumbles on
Parts of Florida and the South and Midwest are forecast temperatures of up to 86F on Saturday as the hot weather rumbles on
Christmas temperatures soared this year as the freakishly balmy weather continued in the east of America.
New York City broke records with Christmas Eve temperatures in the 70s on Thursday, and just after Midnight, another warm-weather record was broken with a temperature of 66 degrees, according to the National Weather Service.  
Records are also set to be broken in the South and the Midwest, with the mercury set to soar to unprecedented levels for this time of year.
‘Santa gave us waves this year,’ said Ryan De La Cruz, 31, of Manhattan, as he bounded into the water in Queens just after dawn with his surfer pal Matt Muro. ‘But I have to be done before my girlfriend gets up to open presents.’
The National Weather Service said Friday was the city’s warmest Christmas ever recorded, breaking the previous record from 1982. 
And the unseasonably warm weather makes it less jarring to duck dive into oncoming waves and linger longer in the Atlantic waiting for the perfect swell, said Mike Reinhardt, owner of Locals Surf School.
‘It’s ungodly warm out there,’ said Reinhardt, 26, after taking a break from the action, his winter hood pulled down. ‘I’m overheating.’
Water temperatures measured in the low 50s on Friday, cold enough to warrant full wetsuits and boots, but not as cold as previous years.
Avid surfers paddle into Rockaway waters year-round, braving frigid temperatures and freezing wind chill to catch good waves.
Just days after a blizzard smacked the Northeast last January, surfers walked along the snow-caked sand beaches searching for the best spot to surf.
But the warmer temperatures have drawn even relative newcomers to the beach so far in 2015.
‘Everyone’s bugging out about the weather being pretty solid,’ said local surfer Matt Kisilenko, 25. ‘It’s become a known spot now.’
Experts said that while the Queens waves, which for water lovers rival Christmastime destinations such as the tree at Rockefeller Center or the famed Macy’s windows, should be enjoyed by more than just dedicated locals, beginners should learn the rules first before diving in.
‘A lot of these people come down here with no clue, get down here and just paddle out,’ said Bradach Walsh, 42, owner of Rockaway Beach Surf Club. ‘It’s super dangerous for them and for people who have been surfing for a long time.’
On Friday, fog enveloped the shoreline as surfers in wetsuits enjoyed some of the season’s best waves so far. Morning beach walkers stopped to watch.
Holiday or not, ‘we come here as much as we can’, said Ken Ishimoto, 37, with his surfing buddy, Kazu Imafuku.
Imafuku, a Manhattanite by way of Tokyo, said it’s therapeutic to escape to Rockaway, especially when the waves are good.
‘Just to stay connected with nature,’ he said, before jumping into the water. ‘It’s beautiful.’
Record highs were recorded early on Christmas Eve in Buffalo, Rochester and Syracuse, as temperatures topped 60F in each city. Albany’s 58F on Thursday morning broke the previous record of 57F set on December 24, 1941.
People were seen sunbathing in Florida this week, with Miami forecast to endure 86F heat on what is normally one of the coldest days of the year. 
In New York, temperatures hit 72F on Christmas Eve, with many city residents walking around in shorts, T-shirts and flip flops in place of their usual winter attire of boots and parkas.  
In Washington DC on Christmas morning, temperatures continued the warm trend as they hit 69 degrees, while normally cold Boston hit 59 degrees, according to CBS. Many areas on the East Coast hit temperatures 20 degrees higher than normal. 
Meanwhile in Las Vegas it was a white Christmas yesterday.
A windy cold front swept through the Las Vegas area early on Friday, heralding flurries mixed with rain showers.  
Meteorologist Chris Stachelski noted that the trace of snow recorded at McCarran International Airport tied a Christmas Day record set in 1941. Traces also were recorded on Christmas in 1988 and 2008.
Nothing stuck on the sidewalks of the Strip, but some northwest Las Vegas neighborhoods received a dusting of snow yesterday. It melted as the morning dawned clear and sunny with temperatures in the high 30s
Meteorologist John Salmen says the wet weather blew in with windy squalls that brought gusts up to 38 miles per hour between midnight and 2am Friday.
Many meteorologists have attributed the unusual heat to the effects of El Nino – an abnormal climate cycle caused by the warming of the Pacific Ocean near the equator that is driving warm air eastward and keeping cold Arctic air at bay.
Fall and winter have been very mild on the east coast so far this year. Thursday’s record is one of several set in the past two months, with 66F recorded in Central Park on December 13.
‘It’s kind of like this is our little gift for the last two winters,’ said the National Weather Service’s Carlie Buccola.
The monthly average temperature for December is 37.5F in New York. Last winter was especially cold and snowy.
Many took advantage of the balmy conditions, heading out for a pre-Christmas jog dressed in just a T-shirt and shorts.
And for those who were hoping to enjoy ice skating in the the city were in for a slippery surprise. Wednesday’s downpour washed away some of the ice from the rink at Bryant Park overnight and early Thursday morning.
‘It’s been a little bit of a struggle early on with the warm weather, but we’ve still had great crowds all season as usual,’ Mike Schulman, Bryant Park rink manager, told ABC 7 NY.
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