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48,000 birds killed due to bird flu in Moca, Dominican Republic

Bird Flu

48,000 birds killed due to bird flu in Moca, Dominican Republic


10,000 birds dead due to bird flu in Dobric, Bulgaria

Bulgaria has reported two outbreaks of the highly pathogenic H5 bird flu virus, the Paris-based World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) said on Monday.
One outbreak occurred on a farm in the village of Stefanovo in the northeastern region of Dobric. The virus killed 418 birds while the rest of the 10,000-strong flock were slaughtered, the OIE said, citing a report from the Bulgarian agriculture ministry.
The other outbreak was discovered in a backyard in Uzundzhovo in the southern region of Haskovo, where 84 birds died of the virus and the other 64 on site were slaughtered, the report said.
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30,000 birds killed due to bird flu in Anhui, China

China confirmed a bird flu outbreak at some broiler chicken farms in the central province of Anhui, according to a statement issued by the Ministry of Agriculture on Tuesday.
Local government culled 30,196 poultry birds after the outbreak, which infected 28,650 chickens and killed 15,066 of the birds, the statement said.
The outbreak was confirmed as a case of the H5N6 strain of the virus.
China also reported 13 fatalities from H7N9 bird flu in June, the government said in July, taking the death toll since October to at least 281.
China reported as many as 108 deaths from the virus in the March to May period, spurring further concerns about the spread of the deadly virus, according to data from the National Health and Family Planning Commission.
The death toll tends to drop towards the end of winter.
The National Health and Family Planning Commission did not disclose the location of fatalities or infections.
The H7N9 virus is likely to strike in winter and spring, and farmers have in the recent years ramped up measures such as cleaning regimes to prevent the disease.
China, the world’s third-largest producer of broiler chickens and the second-biggest consumer of poultry, has also closed some live poultry markets after people and chickens were infected by the avian flu strains.
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41,000 birds killed due to bird flu in Zeeland, Netherlands

Dr Christianne Bruschke, Chief Veterinary Officer at the Ministry of Economic Affairs has reported an outbreak of low pathogenic avian influenza at a poultry farm in Zeeland.
The World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) reports that the outbreak was first noticed on 11 October and confirmed on Friday (13 October) after a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test was carried out at the Wageningen Bioveterinary Research laboratory in Lelystad.
An immediate notification was sent to the OIE yesterday (16 October) wherein it was reported that the manifestation of the diseases has been found to be a sub-clinical infection and of the low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) H5N2 strain.
According to the OIE, a total of 41,504 birds were found susceptible and as a precautionary measure, all birds were killed and disposed of. No actual cases of infection have been confirmed.
The OIE reports that a 1-km restriction zone was established on 13 October and that there are no other premises within the 1-km zone.
The source of the outbreak remains inconclusive.
While vaccination has been prohibited and there is to be no treatment of affected animals, movement control inside the country, screening, stamping out and zoning are some of the control measures that have been applied to contain the situation.
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800,000+ birds killed due to bird flu in Central and Northern Italy

Italy has had five outbreaks of highly pathogenic H5N8 avian flu in farms the central and northern parts of the country since the start of the month and about 880,000 chickens, ducks and turkeys will be culled, officials said on Wednesday.
The biggest outbreak of the H5N8 virus, which led to the death or killing of millions of birds in an outbreak in western Europe last winter, was at a large egg producing farm in the province of Ferrara.
The latest outbreak was confirmed on Oct. 6 and about 853,000 hens are due to be culled by Oct. 17, the IZSV zoological institute said.
Another involved 14,000 turkeys in the province of Brescia, which are due to be culled by Oct. 13.
A third involved 12,400 broiler chickens at a smaller farm in the province of Vicenza and two others were among a small number of hens, ducks, broilers and turkeys on family farms.
In those three cases, all the birds have been culled.
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2 MILLION birds dead from bird flu, egg shortage looms in Cape Town, South Africa

“The emotional impact for us as a family business has been severe,” explains Pier Passerini.
As the managing director of Windmeul Eggs, Passerini is in the unenviable position of steering a 40-year-old family business through the catastrophic impacts of the avian influenza outbreak.
Located near Wellington, the business is among several in the Western Cape that have been forced to cull hundreds of thousands of hens in an effort to halt the spread of the deadly H5N8 virus, although the birds often die faster than they can kill them.
He says the industry is in complete shock.
“Most of us, when we speak to each other, are at a loss for words. You know it’s something that was always in the back of your mind as a poultry farmer; you’ve read about in other countries… it’s a nightmare that just happened to become reality…”
The H5N8 strain, which was first detected on 22 June, quickly spread and, at last count, was detected at 36 locations across the province.
Laying farms have been worst affected, with the Western Cape accounting for the majority of cases.
“The poultry industry in the Western Cape is quite concentrated,” explains State Veterinarian Dr Lesley van Helden.
“It’s concentrated close to Cape Town, which is obviously where the market for poultry is mainly. And the problem with this is a lot of the farms are within a few kilometres of each other, so it’s much easier for a virus to spread between the farms than if the farms were further apart,” Van Helden says.
The result has been the disposal of birds in their millions, and the composting of the carcasses to try and prevent contagion.
Passerini says Windmeul has now lost 70% of its flock to the outbreak, and that the trauma of witnessing death on this scale has affected his whole family and his employees.
“To see tons and tons of birds being disposed of on a daily basis is difficult; it’s difficult for our staff that’s been with us for many years; it’s difficult for us as a family – it’s not easy to see.”
The consequences are far reaching. The Western Cape government estimates the immediate industry losses to be R800m, but stated on Monday that the long term financial impact is likely to be around R4bn.
According to Economic Opportunities MEC Alan Winde, the informal economy has been most affected thus far, with the cull bird market in “big trouble”.
“Now we’ll start to actually see it in the formal economy, on the shelves in your retailers,” he warned.
Of great concern to the provincial government is how this will impact poor households who rely on chicken meat and eggs as their main source of affordable protein.
A light at the end of the tunnel?
While farmers are trying to convince state officials to give permission for vaccinations, the Western Cape government is hoping the change in seasons will help stem the spread of the virus.
 “One of the other areas that also helps us is that it’s getting warmer. And you know with humans and flu – we are more susceptible to flu in winter time. As we move to summer, we are less susceptible to flu and the same thing obviously with Avian Influenza…” Winde said.
But for farmers busy floundering in the wake of the outbreak, simply waiting for summer to take care of the problem may not feel like an appropriate response
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Hundreds of fish, birds and cattle were found dead in communities of Francisco Dumont, Brazil

Ten species of fish found dead in the river Riachão, Francisco Dumont, were taken to a lab in Montes Claros, on Wednesday morning (4), through an analysis. The fish are part of a sample of schools that are dying along the river. So far, the dead fish were found in the community wide, Boqueirão, district of Convancas to the community. To all, are 20 kilometers where the fish were found.
The Secretariat of Environment of Francisco Dumont was thrown by the Riverside population after a strong HailStorm that occurred on Saturday (30). The Secretary was on the scene, with the President of the Serra do Cabral, and the team found the death of countless chickens, wild birds and cattle. The rain lasted about five minutes and damaged crops, pasture, roofs of houses and Corral. In some parts of the municipality, the hail struck 30 cm tall. No person was injured.
“We received several calls and, along with the Serra do Cabral Institute, spent Tuesday inspecting the site; our concern is the water have been contaminated and the Riverside population be impaired. Part of the population believes that the deaths might have occurred due to a thermal shock, since there was ice buildup. But we need to confirm the motive, technically, to preserve the people and the animals that survived and if hydrate with water from the River, “explained the Secretary, Mehdi Rosa Lee.
The city of Francisco Dumont issued a statement advising the population living along the river not to consume water or fish from the River, until the report is issued. Civil Defence is in town and will provide water in tanker trucks to the population, in partnership with the city. Still no prediction of when the report is ready.
The Attorney General’s Office and the secretariat will operate and GIMS ISC to monitor the case. There is suspicion that, with the rains, the pesticides to crops in the region have reached the river. “The Institute was created in 2007 to fight environmental crimes. We are following the case to assist in procedures of determination of what happened with the fish, “said the President of the Office, Genésio Adam Fonseca filho, President of Codema of Francisco Dumont.
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Thousands of birds suddenly drop dead in Bali, Indonesia

Ribuan burung pipit di Kota Amlapura, Karangasem, mati di halaman kantor pekerjaan Umum dan Penataan Ruang (PUPR) setempat, Senin (25/9/2017).
Photo By Wayan Supandi
Thousands of dead sparrows around the offices of the Department of public works and Spatial (PUPR) Karangasem, Bali. Bird carcasses were scattered under trees. It was the first time the event is known by gardeners Dinas PUPR Karangasem, Amin Al-Basri (54), at 05:00:00.
Researcher of ecology and Systematics of birds Indonesia (Institute of Sciences LIPI) Mohammad Irham said, mass deaths of wild birds is a rare event. In the last 10 years, a phenomenon that happens on water birds in China caused by the bird flu.
Then, in the case of an increase in volcanic activity, the causes of death could occur because of the increase in temperature. Birds will die because of drinking hot water.
However, in the case of the death of sparrows in Karangasem, Irham suspect that the cause of death was poison gas emitted by Mount Agung with status “Beware”.
“Like sulfur and methane. It could also be another gas. At a time when the mountain erupted want toxic gases rise. Its spread is wider than usual so that effect conferring on the birds there, “Irham said when contacted, Tuesday (26/9/2017).
Irham explains, basically birds faster switching compared to mammals such as deer. Though capable of sprinting, the expanse of toxic gases inhaled can remain. If there is an increase in aktivias volcano, a bird that lives in the canopy of forests at altitudes of 2,000-2,500 meters will be flying low approaches the surface.
The events experienced by straight while Irham conducted a survey on Mount Slamet. In 2009, an increase in the activity of Mount Slamet which makes birds in the canopy over the migrated in large numbers. Sulfur smell down to an altitude of 2,000 metres.
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Hundreds of dead birds found at Fort Hills oilsands in Alberta, Canada

The Alberta Energy Regulator is responding to reports that 123 birds have died at the Fort Hills oilsands project north of Fort McMurray.
Suncor Energy, the mine’s operator, has reported 123 “deceased or euthanized waterfowl and songbirds,” the energy regulator reported Tuesday. Suncor is continuing to monitor and collect the injured and dead birds, the AER said in a news release.
The Fort Hills mine, 90 kilometres north of Fort McMurray, is scheduled to begin producing oil by the end of 2017. It is jointly owned by Suncor, Total E&P Canada and Teck Resources.
Suncor, which holds a 50.8-per-cent interest in the project, is the developer and operator.
Suncor spokesperson Nicole Fisher said the company regrets the incident and is also reviewing the deaths.
Fisher couldn’t say how the birds were euthanized, but confirmed the birds were horned larks.
“I can tell you our bird deterrent systems, including canons, radar and effigies — those are the scarecrows — were in place and active at the site at the time,” Fisher said. “Given the unusual nature of this situation, we have taken additional steps to prevent any further bird landings.”
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800+ dead sea birds found on islands in the Bering Sea, USA

A dead northern fulmar was found near Shishmaref on Aug. 13. Hundreds of dead birds have been found on the Western and Northwestern coasts of Alaska and in Bering Sea islands this year. (Ken Stenek / Coastal Observation and Seabird Survey Team)
Ken Stenek / Coastal Observation and Seabird Survey Team
Hundreds of dead seabirds have been found washed ashore on sites from islands in the Bering Sea to villages north of the Bering Strait, signs of another large die-off in the warmed-up waters of the North Pacific Ocean.
The dead birds are mostly northern fulmars and short-tailed shearwaters, species that migrate long distances to spend summers in waters off Alaska and other northern regions, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service reported. Also in the mix are some kittiwakes, murres and auklets, the federal agency said.
The cause is being investigated. Necropsies so far show that the birds are emaciated — with no food in their stomachs or intestines and little or no fat on their bodies.
“Right now, we know that they are starving to death and can’t hold their heads above water, and they’re drowning,” said Ken Stenek, a teacher in Shishmaref and volunteer in a program that monitors seabirds.
The precise toll is unclear. Fish and Wildlife said in its bulletin about 800 dead birds had been found since early August, but surveys are continuing and the known toll appears to be mounting — and experts caution that birds washing ashore represent only a small fraction of the dead.
Of this latest wave, the first were found on the Pribilof Islands in the Bering, the Fish and Wildlife Service said. Since then, dead birds have washed ashore on Bering beaches and as far north as the Inupiat villages Shismaref and Deering on the Chukchi Sea mainland coastline.
The new die-off follows a massive loss of common murres in 2015 and 2016, the biggest murre die-off on record in Alaska, and precursor to near-total reproductive failures for murres in the Gulf of Alaska and Bering.
It also follows the deaths of hundred of puffins found last fall on St. Paul Island in the Pribilofs and, prior to that, mass deaths of murres and auklets along the U.S. West Coast. In each death wave, starving birds have left emaciated carcasses, and each wave has been associated with unusually warm marine waters.
The Bering event is the latest in an “unprecedented series of marine bird die-offs” over the last four years in waters from California to the Arctic, said Julia Parrish, executive director of the Coastal Observation and Seabird Survey Team, or COASST, managed by the University of Washington.
It indicates that the pattern is moving north, said Parrish, a professor at the UW’s School of Aquatic and Fishery Sciences.
“This just seems like the next chapter in the story,” she said.
This is the fourth consecutive year when the Bering has been “exceedingly warm,” said Rick Thoman, climate science and services manager for the National Weather Service in Alaska.
This year, early spring ice melt allowed open waters to begin absorbing heat early, Thoman said. “You had much longer for the water to get warmer this year,” he said.
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