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First confirmed case of chronic wasting disease in Gallatin County, Montana, USA #ChronicWastingDisease #GallatinCounty #Montana #USA

2,000 deer dead due to disease in Oregon, USA #Deer #Oregon #USA

White-tailed deer ODFW

Oregon Dept. of Fish and Wildlife – White-tailed deer

Tests conducted by Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife veterinarians have confirmed that Epizootic hemorrhagic disease is responsible for the die-off of an estimated 2,000 white-tailed deer in Eastern Oregon, the agency said Tuesday.

The EHD outbreak impacted white-tailed deer on the western face of the Blue Mountains, from Milton-Freewater to the Pilot Rock area.

EHD losses are not uncommon in Oregon and is not expected to have long-term effects on the deer population size, ODFW said. Mule deer in the area were not documented to be affected by the EHD outbreak.

Wildlife biologists first learned about the white-tailed deer die-off in late fall, when landowners began reporting dead deer. ODFW collected tissue samples for testing and lab results later confirmed EHD as the cause of death. Surveys in December showed fewer white-tailed deer, leading to an estimated potential loss of 2,000 deer from the disease.

ODFW said it is still determining if deer tags for the fall 2020 seasons need to be reduced or hunts cancelled in the units affected (Walla Walla, Mt Emily, Ukiah). Hunters will be informed of any changes by April 15, so they will have time to change their controlled hunt application choices before the May 15 deadline.

EHD is a seasonal disease that can occur during the late summer and fall months. It is different than Adenovirus hemorrhagic disease (AHD), which can occur year-round. EHD is transmitted by biting midges known as “no-see-ums” or gnats. These breed and live in small pools of warm, stagnant water; even in pools as small as a hoof print filled with water.

As deer gather at these water sources, they may become exposed to infected biting midges. However, freezing temperatures can kill off insects that transmit the disease.

EHD is known to have existed since the 1890s and is found in most of the United States, with the exception of the extreme Northeast and the Southwest.

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30 dead deer found during past two months in Bergen, Norway

In the last two months, 30 dead deer have been found hungry in the area around Osterøybrua.
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Nearly 1,000 Deer Dead From Virus That Causes Internal Bleeding In Pennsylvania, USA

Deer in Western Pennsylvania are dying by the hundreds, and officials say there’s nothing they can do to stop it.
When Sally Meyers looked out her O’Hara Township kitchen window Wednesday, she noticed an unusual number of deer in her backyard.
She didn’t think anything more about until, she said, “I let my dog out I saw something looked to me like a dog and checked it out and it was a deer.”
The deer was lying on its side next to the patio furniture, dead.
“It’s right next to our patio furniture a few feet from our kitchen window, which is really unusual,” Sally’s husband, Mike Powell, said.
Deer dying in unusual places has become the recent norm in Western Pennsylvania. Game Commission Conservation officer Dan Puhala took one look at the deer in O’Hara Township and knew what killed the otherwise healthy looking animal. Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease – EHD – which is a disease the deer get from being bitten by a midge fly.
Puhala says once bitten, the deer’s circulatory system is attacked and it begins to hemorrhage internally throughout its body. Puhala says the deer often die in just a few days in or near water.
“One of the symptoms of the disease is a real high fever,” he said. “So we think they are dehydrated or they are trying to cool themselves down.”
This latest outbreak of EHD was first noticed in Beaver County in August. It has since spread to Washington County and Puhala says northern Allegheny County — Wexford, Marshall Township, Pine Richland, West Deer, and most recently Indiana Township and O’Hara.
In North Park, which has one of the highest population of deer in the county, Naturalist Meg Scanlon says EHD is really taking a toll.
“We find or smell dead deer, on a daily basis. New dead deer,” she said. “At least five a week since late August.”
It is important to point out “there is no known threat to humans or kids or even pets,” says Puhala. The virus only impacts deer and elk.
Puhala says EHD has claimed about 1,000 deer in the region so far.
“Regrettably I have to tell people we’re probably going to find a lot more deer before it’s over,” he said.
The calls to the Game Commission about suspected cases of EHD are coming in daily.
Discovering multiple dead deer in a single location is not unusual. With pockets of EHD deaths throughout the area, Puhala says the upcoming hunting season could be impacted.
“There may be certain areas where people might notice a pretty substantial decrease in the deer numbers this year,” he said.
He adds anyone hunting and killing a deer suffering from EHD will realize it as soon as they field dress the animal. While he doesn’t think there is a concern about the meat, he doubts it will be any good.
The EHD issue and the growing numbers of deaths will continue until the midge flies are gone Puhala says, “the thing that kills the midge flies is a good hard frost.”
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Massive die off of deer newborns and female deer this winter, ‘catastrophic’ in Wyoming, USA

Last summer, Wyoming deer researcher Kevin Monteith and a handful of others wandered Wyoming’s southwest mountains in search of mule deer newborns.
They found 70 and placed on each animal a radio collar to monitor its survival. It was the second summer of what was supposed to be a three-year study that had shown, on average, a little more than a third of the fawns in the Wyoming Range Herd survive to their first birthdays.
This year, they all died.
As a winter harsher than locals had seen in decades raged across the western part of the state, Monteith and his team waited while a pilot recorded one radio signal after another showing the fawns with collars were dead.
Fawns die during harsh winters. They don’t carry the reserves adults store on their rumps and sides. They’re also smaller, requiring proportionally more energy to survive than their mothers, Monteith said. But rarely do almost 100 percent of the fawns die in a herd that numbers in the tens of thousands.
And worse, the does, the ones responsible for keeping herd numbers up and giving birth to one or two fawns a year, are also collapsing from exhaustion and starvation. Monteith estimates about 35 percent of the does have died, and more will likely follow.
“To date, I’ve handled more than 3,000 mule deer over many years and conditions, and I figured animals would be in bad shape, but I’ve never seen anything like this,” said Monteith, a professor at the University of Wyoming. “To see a whole segment of a population not have anything left is distressing and sad. Adult females are weighing like a bag of bones.”
The winter could be considered a crisis for a herd that draws hunters and wildlife viewers from across the country and even overseas. But for Wyoming biologists like Monteith, the die-off represented a unique opportunity rarely if ever afforded in wildlife research. Because research on deer in the Wyoming Range began a few years ago, the scientists will be able to answer several critical questions: What factors led to the die-off? What, if anything, can be done to bring them back? And could this, in the long run, actually benefit the herd?
“When things become severe enough that we see adult survival drop, you know things are bad,” Monteith said. “We have a once-in-a-lifetime or many lifetime opportunity to study the effects of a bad winter.”
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2,000+ deer are dead due to disease in South Dakota, USA

Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease, a viral disease that killed more than 3,700 deer in 2012, has impacted the population this year, with more than 2,000 deer found dead in 23 counties, The Mitchell Daily Republic reported. The heaviest losses have been in Brule, Aurora and Beadle Counties. In Beadle County, 209 deer were found dead and in Brule County, 206 deer were found dead.
Hughes and Sully Counties were not spared. A total of 140 deer were found dead in Hughes County, while 85 were found in Sully County, said Andy Lindbloom, senior big game biologist.
“We definitely got closer to 2012 than we would have liked,” Lindbloom said.
The state issued about 29,000 resident licenses this year. It also issued about 42,000 individual tags, a 33 percent increase from last year.
Lindbloom said that about 1,500 licenses were returned as of Monday afternoon. Hunters with licenses for the muzzleloader deer season have until the end of this week to send their tags in for a refund.
Lindbloom said the disease is spread by biting midges that breed in shallow, stagnant water. That can lead to outbreaks being very localized, he said. Because the disease is often so localized hunting opportunities can vary greatly from one piece of land to another.
EHD is most devastating to whitetail deer populations. While the disease can and does affect mule deer, it doesn’t seem to kill as many.
There is a more indiscriminate killer in the state, however. It’s called Chronic Wasting Disease and it’s much newer to South Dakota. Lindbloom said that CWD is primarily confined to far western South Dakota and the Black Hills.
Less is known about CWD than EHD. And while EHD can decimate deer populations, it tends to run in cycles and generally stops spreading after a hard freeze. Deer populations in the south have even been known to develop an immunity to EHD, Lindbloom said.
Outbreaks of CWD are much more difficult to diagnose and there is no treatment. The disease spreads from deer to deer without need of a vector such as a biting fly or midge, so it doesn’t peter out after a hard freeze.
“There’s still a lot to be learned about CWD,” Lindbloom said.
The Wind Cave National Park elk herd is being thinned out by sharpshooters this year in an effort partially aimed at controlling the disease. Lindbloom said the GFP’s strategy for CWD also is controlling its spread.
Both CWD and EHD, as well as their impact on the deer herd, will factor into the GFP deer management plan currently being assembled. What effect EHD had on deer harvest rates this year won’t be known until about March, Lindbloom said. Once all the deer seasons are over, hunters will be surveyed on their success.
The deer management plan should be ready to be opened for public comment by mid-spring, Lindbloom said.
The department also will be setting deer season dates and deciding on the number of licenses to issue in the spring and early summer. Licenses issued for the new year will be dependent on factors which include fawn-to-doe ratios, aerial surveys, survival rates and harvest success. The seasons for both 2017 and 2018 will be set next year.
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1,000 deer are dead due to bluetongue disease outbreak in Idaho, USA

Based on continuing reports of dead deer, Idaho Fish and Game officials estimate up to 1,000 whitetails have died in the state from an outbreak of bluetongue, a virus transmitted by gnats that is similar to Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease, also known as EHD.
It is difficult to get the exact number of diseased or dead animals, but the outbreak is not expected to significantly reduce whitetail populations, or affect hunting season that opens Oct. 10.
Bluetongue is transmitted the same way as EHD and is a similar disease. Neither poses a threat to humans. Gnats transport the virus from animal to animal. Outbreaks become more severe during hot, dry summers when animals congregate around water sources with muddy shorelines that are prime breeding ground for gnats.
The disease has hit whitetail herds in the Grangeville, Whitebird, Harpster, Juliaetta, Kendrick, Troy, Deary and nearby areas this summer.
The Clearwater area had a large-scale outbreak of EHD in 2003, and Fish and Game officials estimated up to 10,000 whitetails died. There were smaller local EHD outbreaks in the last five years.
Bluetongue is less common than EHD, but it’s found in livestock throughout the Great Basin, although rarely fatal to livestock, according to Mark Drew, Fish and Game’s state wildlife veterinarian. Drew noted that deer that have survived past EHD outbreaks build immunity to the disease and pass that immunity to their offspring, but exposure to EHD does not make them immune to bluetongue.
This year’s outbreak is not expected to be anywhere near 2003 in terms of deer die-offs, and neither bluetongue nor EHD has long-term, significant population impacts on white-tailed deer. Idaho’s whitetail populations are high, and hunters will find deer, but the outbreak could affect local herds.
Hunters are advised that they should not harvest obviously sick deer. The virus cannot infect humans, so even in areas where EHD or bluetongue is present, consumption of meat from animals that are not obviously sick poses no significant health risks to humans.
The outbreak typically winds down when the first hard frost kills the gnat population. Some areas in North Idaho have already had frost, and it typically hits most of northern and central Idaho by mid-October, depending on elevation.
Dr. Bill Barton, state veterinarian for Idaho Department of Agriculture, said they are monitoring the outbreak, but have not seen any significant outbreaks in sheep, which is the most likely livestock to be affected. He said less than 10 sheep have tested positive for exposure to bluetongue and shown symptoms, and the disease is not likely to affect cattle or horses.
The bluetongue outbreak is not limited to Idaho. Deer with bluetongue are also confirmed in Eastern Washington and Northeast Oregon this fall.
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Hundreds of white-tailed deer are dying due to disease in Spokane, Washington, USA

White-tailed deer in the Spokane region are dying, perhaps by the hundreds, in an outbreak of a drought-related viral disease called bluetongue, Washington wildlife officials say.
As of Monday, Department of Fish and Wildlife biologists in Spokane had compiled 50 reports of more than 100 deer that were dead or sick, said Kevin Robinette, regional wildlife manager.
Additional reports are coming in from Lincoln County and southern areas of Stevens and Pend Oreille Counties, he said.
White-tailed deer are most vulnerable to the disease, which is transmitted by gnats, especially in dry conditions when the deer are concentrated near waterholes and mud. Bluetongue, as well as the similar epizootic hemorrhagic disease (EHD) rarely affect other species found in this region.
Hemorrhagic disease outbreaks have killed small to large numbers of deer in portions of Eastern Washington, Idaho and Montana in past years marked by dry summers. Clearwater region whitetails in the Kamiah area required years to rebuild populations after a 2003 EHD outbreak.
“We appear to be in the middle of a bluetongue outbreak in the Spokane region just at the time we felt our whitetails had rebounded enough to expand either-sex deer hunting (for youth and senior hunters),” Robinette said.
“Significant precipitation or the first killing frost usually brings an end to these die-offs.”
Deer in the early stages of hemorrhagic disease may appear lethargic, disoriented, lame, or unresponsive to the presence of humans, he said. Although the incubation periods is 5- to 10 days, once the disease take hold, the deer can die, often salivating excessively, within a few days.
Humans are not affected by these viruses, according to Fish and Wildlife officials. However, the agency’s website recommends that hunters avoid shooting and consuming animals that are obviously sick.
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550 dead animals (mainly deer) found, ‘due to snow and cold’ in Leon, Spain

Restos de un ciervo muerto y mutilado cerca de Riaño, en la provincia de León. / ILEON.COM
Remains of a dead deer and mutilated near Riano, in the province of León. / ILEON.COM
More than 500 animals have been found dead around Riano, in Leon slope of the Cantabrian mountain range, following heavy snowfall and extreme cold this winter. The guards of the reserve, guarding him, have already started their transportation to areas where the bodies within the reach of scavengers that may feed on them, especially the vultures and bears soon leave the perido hibernation, according to the newspaper
The Regional Hunting Reserves are spaces that aim to preserve and promote certain species and achieved adequate levels of density, rationally use the rich hunting “for maximum social and recreational satisfaction, trying to head the regions affected a strong cash flow that will improve their economic and social conditions. ” He explains the Board holds these lands, specifically, manages the Department of Development and Environment.
The province of León has three of the ten community reserves and Riano, with 78,995 hectares, more than double the sum of the other two: Ancares Leoneses (36,342 hectares) and Mampodre (31,400 hectares). Most of its surface, which borders Palencia, Asturias and Cantabria, is included in the Regional Park Picos de Europa. To meet the Reserve directed by Juan Carlos Peral, the Ministry has, on the ground, with a group of 13 environmental zealots, the front of which is, as you save more, Felipe Campo.
The wide and varied catalog of work of these professionals is marked by nature activities brand for different seasons and also for the unexpected. In fire season conducted surveillance are also fishing authority but in that forest officials focus. It is also responsible for developing the censuses of different species that inhabit the reserve, as chamois, roe deer, wild boar, bears and (most listed) montess goats.
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