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Anthrax kills cattle in western South Dakota, USA

Anthrax is responsible for dead cattle in southeastern Pennington County, South Dakota, State Veterinarian Dr. Dustin Oedekoven confirmed Monday, Aug. 21.
At least nine adult cattle in the heard that had not been vaccinated against anthrax died suddenly last week.
Anthrax spores survive indefinitely in contaminated alkaline soils. All areas of South Dakota are susceptible to an outbreak, especially when there are significant climate changes such as drought, floods and wind, which can expose anthrax spores to grazing livestock.
The state advises producers to consider anthrax if their cattle die suddenly. Affected animals are often found dead with no prior illness detected. Suspicious cases should be reported immediately to a local veterinarian or to the state veterinarian at the South Dakota Animal Industry Board.
Anthrax can be passed to people and other animals, so producers should take precaution when handling, moving or disturbing carcasses. The state has strict quarantines and requires proper disposal of carcasses from livestock suspected to have died from anthrax.
Livestock can be vaccinated for anthrax. Producers are encouraged to visit with their veterinarians.
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1,100 cows die suddenly on a farm in Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil

Animais morreram em fazenda em Ribas do Rio Pardo e a suspeita é de intoxicação por bactéria que causa o botulismo (Foto: Marca 7/Divulgação)
Animals died in a farm in Ribas do Rio Pardo and the suspicion is of intoxication by bacteria that causes botulism (Photo: Marca 7 / Divulgação)
The State Agency for Animal and Plant Health Protection of Mato Grosso do Sul (Iagro) is investigating the death of 1.1 thousand head of cattle in the confinement of Marci 7 Pecuária, at the Monica Cristina farm, in the municipality of Ribas do Rio Pardo, at About 40 kilometers from Campo Grande. As the animals were practically ready for slaughter, the estimate is that the death caused a loss of approximately R $ 2 million to the breeder Persio Ailton Tosi.
Iago CEO Luciano Chiochetta told the G1 that the killings began on Wednesday (2) and that on Friday (4) the owner informed the agency that he sent a team to the scene. The suspect, he says, is from botulinum toxin poisoning, which would have occurred when the animals ate moist corn silage, which was stunted.
The clinical suspicion of botulism, according to Chiochetta, is based on the symptoms that the animals presented when they were dying: staggering and paralysis of the hind limbs and then the lower limbs until they lay on the floor. Then the picture worsened with total paralysis and cardiorespiratory arrest.
He explained that a team from the Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul (UFMS), which was on site before the arrival of the IAGRO technicians, collected samples that are being analyzed in the laboratories of the agency and will help confirm the suspicions of the cause of the Death of animals. “Liver and rumen samples were collected from dead animals, moist rations of corn, common silage, hay and water,” he explains.
The CEO of Iagro comments that the suspects that the animals were intoxicated due to the ingestion of moldy wet silage because this product is the one that offered the most favorable conditions for the proliferation of the bacterium that causes botulism. “Another type of silage, corn drought, was offered in addition to cattle to other animals that showed no symptoms of intoxication. In addition, as soon as the feed was suspended with the moist feed, the deaths ended, but we continue to monitor, “he explained.
He also ruled out the possibility that the contamination occurred because of the water the cattle consumed because the reservoirs were recently cleaned and other livestock on the same product did not show symptoms of intoxication.
Chiochetta pointed out in relation to the death of the animals that it is a clinical suspicion of botulism and not an infectious disease. “Botulism is an intoxication that occurs by toxin, because of a bacterium that found ideal conditions to multiply. It is not transferable. The animal ingested food contaminated with the bacterial toxin “.
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Hundreds, maybe thousands of cattle dead from flooding in Gujarat, India

Khriya one the worst flood-hit villages in Thara taluka of Banaskantha, from where bodies of 17 members of a family were pulled out of 2-3 ft of sludge early this week, is like a ticking time bomb waiting to explode.
People here fear of an epidemic outbreak as hundreds of dead cattle are still lying unattended, some on the roof tops, outskirts of the village and in nearby farms.
The stench from the already decayed carcasses has become unbearable and villagers have been left to fend for themselves with very little support from the district administration.
Khariya sarpanch Indrasinh Vaghela said not less than 1,500 cattle carcasses were lying in the village and near by fields. He fears that more dead cattle could be lying in other farms, which are still inaccessible due to flood waters and thick layers of muck.
“The flood waters were so fierce that the buffaloes were flung over the rooftops. When we returned after the waters receded, we found dead cattle everywhere, some were lying on rooftops and in fields. The district authorities have provided couple of earthmovers, but they are inadequate. The carcasses have decayed so much that if you try to lift it by earthmovers, it breaks off,” Vaghela told TOI adding, “We fear that that this could lead to epidemic outbreak in the village.” Another villager Vanraj Thakore, wading through ankle-deep muck in his house, said he lost two of his buffaloes. “We have got little help from the government in removing the dead animals. The carcasses are in such huge numbers that it is virtually impossible for us to remove it ourselves,” Vanraj said.
When contacted Banaskantha district collector Dilip Kumar Rana said they have already disposed over 2,500 dead cattle from flood affected villages. He also assured that if there are dead animal still in the village, he would send teams to dispose it off immediately.
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Thousands of cattle die in heat wave in California, USA

Central California’s largest rendering plant is overwhelmed by the number of cows that died during a June heat wave, so officials are allowing dairy farmers to bury or compost hundreds of carcasses. 
The unusual run of heat last month – including nine straight days of triple-digit temperatures — and a mechanical malfunction at Baker Commodities have contributed to the overload at the plant, the Fresno Bee reported Friday. 
Because of the excess carcasses, Baker stopped picking up from farms, leaving farmers without a place to send their dead animals. 
Fresno County Agricultural Commissioner Les Wesley told CBS affiliate KGPE-TVan estimated 4,000 to 6,000 livestock died in June due to the heat wave.
To handle the problem, Fresno, Kings and Tulare counties had to take the unusual step of giving dairies permission to bury or compost the animals on site under a strict set of temporary rules outlined by state water and agricultural agencies. The three counties declared a state of emergency, clearing the way for the disposal methods. 
Baker normally processes about 1 million pounds of animal flesh a day, said Wayne Fox, division manager of environmental health at Fresno County Department of Public Health. 
The company had ratcheted up its capacity to 1.5 million pounds per day before a daylong machinery malfunction significantly slowed the rendering process, said Fresno County Board of Supervisors Chairman Brian Pacheco, who is a dairy farmer. “They’ve worked through it, but they have been getting further and further behind,” Pacheco said. 
Once the animals decompose to a certain point, they can’t be rendered, Pacheco said. 
This isn’t the first time there has been a heat-related disaster for livestock owners, according to the newspaper. San Joaquin Valley farmers went through a similar crisis in 2006 when nearly $300 million in losses were reported because of the heat. In Kings County, 1,834 milk cows valued at $3.7 million died. 
It is too soon for county officials to know how many animals died in this heat wave.
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Massive die off of cattle due to snowfall in the Plateau, Argentina

In the last hours, appeared on the plateau countless heads of cattle dead product of weather climate. There is much concern among producers in the area by these losses, which you would know how could impact the region’s stricken economy. So far no government agency reported on the causes of this phenomenon. There is no official data on the number of Heads of livestock were lost and the negative impact that could have on the area.
The copious snowfalls reached peaks of up to a meter deep in the territory. Numerous sheep succumbed against low temperatures.
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Dozens of cattle killed by ‘mysterious disease’ in Kurram, Pakistan

A least 40 cows and goats have been killed due to outbreak of a mysterious disease in Toda Cheena area of Central Kurram Agency.
Residents of the small village say every house has been affected due to the disease. Muhammad Saleem, a local resident, told TNN that his three cows expired during the last one week. He said this disease affects healthy cattle within a day or two and kill them.
The area people said the disease has killed 30 cows and 13 goats in the village so far. They demanded the government to send doctors for vaccination of cattle in the area.
Veterinary physician Inzar Gul told TNN that from the symptoms it seems the cattle have been affected from anthrax disease. However, he said it could be verified only after tests.
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50,000 cattle dead due to flooding in Corrientes, Argentina

The northern province of Corrientes became – in the last 20 days – a dramatic scenario for livestock producers. According to their calculations, about 50 thousand animals died due to the inclemency of the floods.
The province has 2.5 million hectares flooded in 11 departments. The most affected part is the northern part of the province, where it rained 1,000 mm in the last 25 days, when the area usually falls 1,700 mm throughout the year. It is estimated that there are 1.5 million bovine heads throughout the affected region
Manuel Garcia Olano, Secretary of Agriculture of Corrientes, was able to fly over the area two weeks ago and told Clarín that “the situation is devastating. There is a lot of dead property,” he said, because animals do not have to eat for days and die. ” The highest percentage of mortality occurs in calves, but there are also sheep, pigs and birds.”
Some $ 350 million of loss is estimated. Although, according to Olano, “the biggest losses are productive: losses of weight in the hacienda, loss of current pregnancy and surely the next pregnancy too,” he says.
“The total mortality we will know when the water goes down, but it will be very high, ” he warned. “And in addition, we estimate that even when it stops raining, the situation will be worse because in Corrientes, the grass grows only in the spring, so that the animals that survive will not have pastures to eat .” The province has a rodeo of 5 million bovine heads. There are fields, especially those of small producers, who are 100% flooded .
According to Olano, this is a productive but also a social problem. “Because there are about 8,000 producers that have less than 200 heads, that is, they are small producers that today only have the option to sell.” However, many are reluctant to do so and are limited to receiving the balanced feed that the provincial government sends them in canoes to where they are isolated.
This weekend the situation worsened because a bridge was broken and the route between Corrientes and Misiones was directly closed.
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Drought kills 130,000 livestock in Tanzania, Africa

Over 130,000 livestock have died in Tanzania due to the drought that hit the country in the 2016/2017 financial year, according to a senior official.
Charles Tizeba, Tanzania’s Minister for Agriculture, Livestock, and Fisheries, said Friday that during the fiscal year, the country lost a total of 132,329 due to drought.
He said that drought has killed a total of 102,987 cattle, 14,881 goats, 13,815 sheep and 646 donkeys.
Tanzania is the third country in Africa having a large number of cattle, after Ethiopia and Sudan.
According to the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS), Tanzania had 25.8 million cattle by early October 2015.
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