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500+ camels have died from ‘mysterious disease’ in Marsabit, Kenya, Africa

Virus Alert

Herders in Marsabit County are counting loses following an outbreak of a mysterious disease that is killing camels.
 
Bubisa and Shuur in Marsabit North Sub-County are the worst hit by the calamity with ward representative Pius Yatani describing the situation as alarming.
 
“I received the report on January 19 on the deaths and so far more than 500 camels have perished. I believe the disease may have erupted earlier,’’ said Turbi-Bubisa Ward Rep.
 
Mr Yatani said he had appealed to the county government for urgent intervention.
 
He said a team of vets was already on the ground supplying vaccines donated by the county government to the pastoralists.
DONATED VACCINES
“The department of livestock has donated 20 dozen vaccines to help mitigate the crisis,” he said by telephone.
 
Speaking to the Nation by phone, Shuur Pastoralist Community Initiative and Development Assistance (Pacida) programme coordinator Wario Guyo, said the animals were dying in large numbers.
 
“They (camels) are in good body shape but they suddenly become weak before dying,’’ he said.
 
Marsabit County Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries executive James Aboran Dokhe said he was aware of the outbreak of the disease.
 
He said the disease was likely to have been spread from neighbouring Wajir where three weeks ago Wajir South MP Abdullahi Diriye raised the alarm over an unknown disease killing camels in the county.
 
Dr Dokhe said his department had responded to the emergency and had dispatched a team of experts to identify the mysterious disease.
 
“Once the tests are completed we will send the report to the University of Nairobi’s veterinary department of for analysis,’’ said the CEC
 
Mr Dokhe said the disease was likely to be Trypanosomiasis-protozoa.
Courtesy of nation.co.ke

Thousands of chickens killed by ‘mysterious disease’ in Kampong Thom, Cambodia

Virus Alert

Thousands of chickens belonging to CP Cambodia Co. Ltd. have died after an outbreak of a mysterious disease in Kampong Thom’s Stueng Saen district. Government officials said they do not know yet whether any of the deaths were caused by the H5N1 virus, also known as bird flu. So far, no humans have been infected.
 
The outbreak has lasted since last week, with estimates of the number of birds killed ranging from 5,000 to 15,000. CP Cambodia said yesterday that they plan to cull the remaining 500 chickens living on the ground zero farm today. 
 
Kimny Chour, the deputy chief of the Veterinary Office at Kampong Thom’s Department of Agriculture, said that analysts do not yet know what killed the birds, and that there is still no sign that it was bird flu. 
 
“We have received no confirmation yet that the animals had bird flu,” said Ly Sovann, spokesman for the Ministry of Health. “No suspected cases have been found among humans.”
 
In the midst of the crisis, the CP Cambodia farm where the birds fell ill has continued to operate, though the government has warned them to improve their hygiene standards. “The farm is small and it is not up to standards,” said Mr. Chour. CP Cambodia could not be reached for comment.
 
Though no cases of human infection have been reported yet, local residents told Kampuchea Thmey reporters that they were angered to find several bags of dead birds floating in their river yesterday. Many of the dead chickens had been placed in canvas bags and gathered for burning. But local stray dogs grabbed some of the bags and dragged them into a nearby river.
 
“Local farmers helped put the dead chickens in bags to be burned, but this time, the dogs brought it to the [river],” said Mr. Chour. 
 
Government officials are continuing to keep a close eye on CP Cambodia’s farms as well as neighboring farms, to ensure that no more birds catch the mysterious illness. “We will continue to monitor the situation,” said Mr. Chour.
Courtesy of khmertimeskh.com

Mysterious Virus Paralyzes Over 100 Children After Appearance of Cold-Like Symptoms in USA

Virus Alert

An unidentified polio-like virus, which causes child paralysis, has been making its rounds throughout the United States. So far, more than 100 children in 34 states have been affected by the mysterious virus, reports the Pensacola News Journal.
 
After being infected with the virus, children usually exhibit cold-like symptoms, such as high fever or colds. The infected children eventually lose the ability to move their leg, arm or even multiple limbs at the same time.
 
The CDC first noticed the unknown illness spreading in 2014 and warned physicians about the rising cases of the disease. The health agency believes that the virus could be related to an outbreak of enterovirus D68 or C105, which are both close relatives of the polio virus.
 
Doctors, who had treated patients with the strange illness, explain that there are usually only a small amount of patients every year who experience unexplained limb weakness. However, with this new illness, the rate of cases spiked significantly. 
 
The CDC named the new disorder acute flaccid paralysis and later changed it to acute flaccid myelitis (IFM), after finding out that the virus infected the spinal cord, states Star Advertiser.
 
Doctors, with patients who contracted the disorder, noted that the virus resulted in an inflammation of the spinal cord — known as myelitis in medical terms — among their patients. 
 
Dr. Benjamin Greenberg, a neurologist expert that specializes in a rare disorder called transverse myelitis, was able to successfully treat the virus, according to The Modesto Bee. Greenberg actually runs one of only two clinics in the U.S. that treats transverse myelitis and is visited by patients from all across the country.
 
Greenberg was able to reverse the effects of the IMF in Kingston Robinson, age 4, who had lost the ability to walk, stand and raise his right arm after experiencing cold-like symptoms. 
 
Before Greenberg’s successful treatment of Kingston Robinson, doctors were treating IFM the way they would treat transverse myelitis. However, PNJ explains that transverse myelitis and IFM affect different matter in the spinal cord. 
 
Transverse myelitis damages the cord’s white matter, which separates the nerves in the spinal cord from the brain. Whereas, IFM damages gray matter, which is responsible for carrying the electrical signals from the spinal cord to the muscles. 
 
Before Greenberg, doctors subjected Kingston to a five-day course of steroids and physical therapy sessions, which is the typical treatment for transverse myelitis, reports Amarillo. 
 
After noticing that IFM damaged gray matter instead of white matter, Greenberg applied a different treatment to Kingston called intravenous immunoglobulin or IVIG. With the new treatment, Kingston received good antibodies from donors in an attempt to block the damaging actions of bad antibodies. 
 
After three weeks of treatment, Kingston was able to walk again and go home.
Courtesy of latinoshealth.com

Disease threatens livestock on Lebanon’s Syrian border

Virus Detected

The most common disease is foot-and-mouth but a new virus that causes lumpy skin has also raised concern
The war in Syria has forced many people to look for safety in Lebanon but there are now concerns about the farm animals the refugees brought with them.
 
Since the conflict has disrupted the delivery of animal vaccinations in Syria, the risk of trans-boundary animal diseases across the border into Lebanon has increased dramatically.
 
Lebanon’s agriculture ministry says large numbers of animals arrived from Syria without proper health checks and some Lebanese farmers have reported new diseases over the past two years. 
 
The most common disease is foot-and-mouth, which causes ulcers, but a new viral disease causing lumpy skin has also raised concern. The United Nations’ Food and Agriculture Organisation says it has already killed several cattle.
 
It has been estimated that there has been a 60 percent increase in the quantity of livestock in Lebanon near the border with Syria.
 
There are more than 1.2 million registered Syrian refugees in Lebanon.
Courtesy of aljazeera.com

‘Deadly mystery disease’ kills 18 in Nigeria

Health Alert

A “mysterious” disease has killed at least 18 people in the past several days in south-eastern Nigeria, local officials say.
 
The outbreak started in the Ode-Irele town, Ondo state, and spread rapidly.
 
The disease – characterised by blurred vision, headache and loss of consciousness – killed the victims within 24 hours of falling ill.
 
Local health officials and World Health Organization experts are now in the town to try to identify the disease.
 
Laboratory tests have so far ruled out Ebola or any other virus, Ondo government spokesman Kayode Akinmade was quoted as saying by the AFP news agency.
 
He described the illness as “mysterious”.
 
WHO spokesman Gregory Hartl told AFP that all of those affected started showing symptoms between 13-15 April.
 
The unidentified disease appears to be attacking the central nervous system, state health commissioner Dayo Adeyanju told Nigeria’s Premium Times.
Courtesy of The BBC