Tag Archive | avian influenza
About 14,000 broiler ducks at three farms in Pingtung County’s Yanpu (鹽埔) and Kaoshu (高樹) townships were culled on Thursday after it was discovered they were infected with avian influenza, the second confirmed case in Pingtung County within a week.
Bureau of Animal and Plant Health Inspection and Quarantine Director-General Chang Su-san (張淑賢) said ducks at the three farms were found to have contracted a new strain of the avian influenza H5 subtype virus on Wednesday, and a full culling was conducted at the affected farms on Thursday.
Chang said the three farms are within a 1km radius of a farm in Pingtung’s Sinyuan Township (新園), where 5,780 broiler ducks infected with the H5 subtype virus were culled last Thursday.
She said the ducks culled this week were healthy, but preventive culling was conducted in accordance with epidemic prevention regulations, adding that the bureau instructed farmers to disinfect and clean the animals’ enclosures to prevent the spread of the virus.
Ducks are potential carriers of avian influenza that exhibit few symptoms and low mortality rates when infected.
The bureau said it will now take samples from all farms within a 1km radius of the affected farms.
Any operators that refuse the bureau’s inspection will face a fine of between NT$30,000 and NT$150,000 (US$913 and US$4,569), and those who fail to report any erratic farm animal deaths will face a maximum fine of NT$1 million, Chang said
The Pingtung outbreak is the latest in a series of reported cases since ducks and chickens at farms in Chiayi and Changhau counties were found infected with avian influenza late last month. The total number of ducks and chickens culled this year has exceeded 5 million, the bureau said.
The bureau said a serious outbreak might occur in the autumn, and has called on epidemic prevention officers to thoroughly disinfect affected facilities, as well as vehicles and equipment used for disease control purposes.
Courtesy of taipeitimes.com
The suspected bird flu had emerged through the self-check results that now. by official sample of the NDS State Office for Consumer Protection and Food Safety (LAVES) have been confirmed. The national reference laboratory of the Friedrich-Loeffler-Institute (FLI) on the island Riems announced that it is the highly pathogenic form of avian influenza (HPAI) is the subtype H7 N7. Experience has shown that it appears only when close contact with diseased or dead birds and their products or excretions of transmitting viruses come from animals to humans. One should avoid direct contact with infected animals so necessarily. Based on the official result of the Emsland district performs all necessary measures to combat the disease according to the European and federal regulations. “In addition, we call on all poultry farmers to review their biosecurity measures and apply them consistently,” said District Administrator Reinhard Winter. The measures include an outbreak of highly pathogenic influenza form inter alia, in the establishment of a Sperrbezirkes three kilometers of radius around the outbreak of operation and an observation area with a radius of ten kilometers. Poultry shall not be moved from these areas out in these areas or screwing in. Within a radius of one kilometer around the affected operating stocks are also animal welfare compliant killed – in this case about 60 animals from three animal facilities. In addition, epidemiological investigation be undertaken to determine the cause and other contact holdings. Shall take effect 30 days after cleansing and disinfection operation no new case, these measures can be lifted. In Lower Saxony the latest outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza type H5N8 December 2014 were observed in the district of Cloppenburg and in the Emsland district. In March and June 2015, there was in the district of Cuxhaven and in the Emsland district outbreaks of low pathogenic form of avian influenza type H7N7. In Germany, regular monitoring tests for avian influenza in poultry flocks and in wild birds will be held. These have so far found no evidence of an influenza occurrence in Lower Saxony. Moreover, there is in poultry flocks special control inspections.
Courtesy of emsland.de
Two more cases of bird flu have been found at Iowa turkey farms.
The Iowa Agriculture Department announced Monday that the avian influenza had been confirmed at a farm in Hamilton County with 36,000 turkeys and that a preliminary test for the disease was positive at a Calhoun County farm with 21,000 birds. A federal lab in Ames will test the Calhoun County samples.
Once the flu is confirmed at a farm, all the birds are euthanized.
The Agriculture Department says the virus has infected poultry at farms with more than 26 million birds.
Courtesy of omaha.com
Another turkey farm in South Dakota has tested positive for bird flu.
South Dakota State Veterinarian Dustin Oedekoven says a Moody County operation of about 50,000 birds has a presumptive positive test for avian influenza.
This latest farm brings to 10 the number of affected operations in South Dakota. In total there have been more than 1.7 million birds affected in the state.
Oedekoven says they’re still waiting to learn whether the farm is affected with the H5N2 strain that’s swept through the Midwest.
Crews will soon begin euthanizing the birds to prevent the spread of the virus.
It’s been about two weeks since the state has had a confirmed case of bird flu. Oedekoven says cases are still popping up in the region, but are becoming less frequent.
Courtesy of washingtontimes.com
No fewer than 160 poultry farms were quarantined and 400,000 birds culled, since the outbreak of avian influenza (bird flu) in Plateau four months ago.
Mr John Dasar, the Chairman, Poultry Farmers Association of Nigeria (PAN) in the state, announced this at a sensitisation workshop on bio-security on Thursday in Jos.
The workshop, aimed at behavioural change on bio-security, was organised for poultry farmers by the Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development in collaboration with the Nigerian Institute of Animal Science (NIAS) Dasar said that with the prevalence of the disease in Plateau, no amount of awareness on its preventive measures would be enough.
“This workshop is timely, because poultry farmers in Plateau have suffered a lot of setback lately.
“Between January and now, more than 160 farms were affected by this dreaded disease and were quarantined, with 153 of them completely shot down.
“Similarly, no fewer than 400,000 birds were culled. Poultry business has sustained many families in Plateau.
“Now, if this ugly situation continues, do we think life will be as usual?’’ Dabar asked.
The chairman, however, accused some farmers of carelessness in handling the situation, thus resulting in further spread of bird flu in the state.
“The attitude of some farmers was not good, as many of them took measures that were not friendly, and so helping to spread the disease to farms of even close friends,’’ he said.
Dasar appealed to the state government to look into the plights of poultry farmers by helping to proffer workable solution to the menace.
He also advised the government not to allow the poultry industry to collapse, saying “this may spell doom for the nation’s Growth Domestic products (GDP).”
Declaring the workshop open, Dr Ademola Raji, the Director Department of Animal Production and Husbandry Services, Federal Ministry of Agriculture, said the workshop was timely in view of the global attention being turned towards poultry industry.
Represented by Mrs Winnie Lai-Solarin, an Assistant Director in the ministry, the director added that its primary concern was to ensure bird flu does not devastate the poultry industry like it did in 2006 and 2008.
“This training is of huge importance to the life of poultry industry and that of the general livestock sub-sector,’’ he said.
The director, therefore, called on participants to be attentive, saying “the training seeks to chase bird flu out of our society’’.
Courtesy of theeagleonline.com.ng
Three more avian influenza outbreaks were reported Tuesday, including two turkey farms in Buena Vista County and an egg-laying facility in Sioux County.
That pushes to 28 the total number of outbreaks in Iowa, the state Department of Agriculture said. About 20 million infected birds are slated to be destroyed, given updated state data.
About 19.5 million of the birds are laying hens and about 500,000, turkeys.
Iowa is the largest egg-producing state in the nation, with about 60 million laying hens.
The state agriculture department was unable to provide an estimate on the number of turkeys infected in Buena Vista County. It said about 60,000 laying hens are believed infected in Sioux County.
Additional tests are pending for the flocks at the National Veterinary Services Laboratories in Ames.
Rose Acre Farms said Tuesday it’s depopulating its Winterset egg-laying operation after the virus was discovered last week. An estimated 1.5 million birds will be destroyed “to combat the risk of spreading avian influenza to other locations,” said Tony Wesner, Rose Acre Farms’ chief operating officer.
The Indiana-based company said it’s closely monitoring all its facilities, but no other operations have been infected.
State and federal health officials have stressed that they consider the risk to people from the virus to be low. No human infections with the virus have been detected and there is no food safety risk for consumers.
In addition to Buena Vista and Sioux counties, infected operations have been identified in Cherokee, Clay, Kossuth, Madison, O’Brien, Osceola, Pocahontas, Sac and Wright counties.
Commercial and backyard flocks within 6.2 miles of the infected flocks will be quarantined and tested.
The virus is believed to be spread by migratory birds such as ducks and geese that leave their droppings on farms. Some have speculated that farm workers are unknowingly transporting bird flu, or it is spreading on dust or bird feathers blown by the wind.
The Canadian Food Inspection Agency has confirmed that a third farm in Oxford County, Ont., has been infected with H5 avian influenza.
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The agency is estimating around 8,000 turkeys will be euthanized on the farm.
The virus was first detected on an Oxford County farm in early April with 44,800 turkeys affected. More than a week later a second Oxford County farm tested positive with 27,000 broiler breeder chickens infected.
Avian influenza is an infectious viral disease of birds. Most bird flu viruses do not infect humans or pose a food safety risk when poultry products are properly handled and cooked.
The CFIA has set up two avian influenza control zones, which each span a 10-kilometre radius. One is located in Oxford County and the other covers portions of Oxford County and Waterloo County.
All poultry farms within those zones are under quarantine, meaning no poultry within those areas can leave the premises.
Courtesy of cbc.ca
The Canadian Food Inspection agency will be euthanizing 27,000 chickens on an Oxford County farm after confirming the presence of H5 avian influenza, the second case this month.
The inspection agency confirmed Saturday that it had placed a broiler breeder chicken farm in Oxford County under quarantine, to control the spread of the disease.
According to the CFIA, initial tests were done at the University of Guelph on Friday, after birds on the farm suddenly died over several days. The agency could not confirm the exact number of birds that had died from the virus.
All of the birds on the farm will be humanely destroyed and disposed of, the agency said.
The CFIA will also perform further tests to determine the subtype and strain of the virus. Tests will also be performed to confirm the severity of the disease, the agency said in a statement.
Earlier this month, 29 Ontario poultry farms were put under quarantine after the CFIA confirmed it had found H5 avian influenza on a turkey farm in Woodstock, Ont.
Approximately 10,000 turkeys on that farm had died of the disease, and CFIA officials euthanized 35,000 birds to stop the virus from spreading.
After putting the turkey farm under quarantine, the agency expanded the control zone to include a 10-kilometre radius from the infected area.
Avian flu rarely affects humans that do not come into close contact with infected birds. It also does not pose a risk when poultry products are properly handled and cooked, according to the CFIA.
Courtesy of ctvnews.ca
Nebraska Governor Pete Ricketts signed a state of emergency declaration on Thursday after federal agriculture officials determined a second farm in the state has tested positive for the highly contagious avian flu virus H5N2.
Ricketts’ action follows similar moves by governors in other hard-hit states of Wisconsin, Minnesota, and Iowa. The declaration opens the door to releasing emergency funds and other aid to the Nebraska Department of Agriculture and other state agencies trying to contain the bird flu outbreak.
The current outbreak, officials say, poses little threat to humans and no human infections have been reported so far. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the disease is not spread through eating poultry or eggs, and proper handling and cooking of poultry products kills the virus.
However, the outbreak does pose serious problems for the poultry industry, with over 33 million birds infected in 16 U.S. states over the past few months. Millions of chickens and turkeys have had to be destroyed. “While not a human health threat, the discovery of avian influenza is a serious situation for our poultry sector, and I want to provide responders with access to all appropriate tools to address it,” Ricketts said in a statement.
State officials do not know how the virus spread to the second farm, which houses 1.8 million egg-laying hens in Dixon County, but they have confirmed that it is nearby the first farm that tested positive earlier this week. Both farm sites are owned by the same company; officials declined to name the firm.
The Nebraska Department of Agriculture is coordinating a response to the outbreak. Current USDA avian influenza response plans call for the quarantine of affected poultry and poultry-moving equipment, euthanizing infected flocks, and disinfecting affected locations. Officials will also test birds found within a 6.2-mile radius of the infected farm.
Courtesy of cbsnews.com