Mosquito virus cases soar by 432% in UK as holidaymakers return from Caribbean where major Chikungunya outbreak is spreading
While the disease, called Chikungunya, is usually not fatal, the epidemic has overwhelmed hospitals, cut economic productivity and caused its sufferers days of pain and misery. And the count of victims is soaring.
Virus causes severe pain
Disease has already reached mainland U.S.
Twenty New Jersey residents have tested positive for the chikungunya virus, according to the state Health Department.
The mosquito-borne virus has spread through the Caribbean, and the first two cases in the U.S. were reported last week in Florida.
Health officials say the virus is not contagious from person to person, is typically not life threatening and will likely resolve on its own.
If a person tests positive for chikungunya and is then bitten by a mosquito, that mosquito may later spread the infection by biting another person.
Infection with chikungunya virus is rarely fatal, but the joint pain can often be severe and debilitating. Other symptoms include high fever, headache, muscle pain, back pain and rash.
Symptoms appear on average three to seven days after being bitten by an infected mosquito, the health department says. Most patients feel better after a few days or weeks, however, some people may develop long-term effects. Complications are more common in infants younger than a year old; those older than 65; and people with chronic conditions such as diabetes and hypertension.
The state Health Department says the residents who came down with chikungunya had returned to New Jersey from the Caribbean. Chikungunya causes a high fever and severe pain in the joints.
Health Vice Minister María Esther Anchía on Friday confirmed that a French tourist is officially the first patient to test positive for the Chikungunya virus in Costa Rica.
The woman, whose identity was not disclosed, visited Costa Rica from May 10-21. She first showed symptoms on May 27 in France.
After an alert from French health agencies, Costa Rica’s Health Ministry confirmed the case as the country’s first. The tourist traveled on a one-stop flight with a stopover in Dallas, Anchía said.
“There are no records that the tourist visited another country with the reported virus before arriving in Costa Rica. But there is also a possibility that she was already incubating the virus when she entered the country,” the ministry’s director of health surveillance, María Ethel Trejos, said.
The woman traveled with her mother and visited San José, Tortuguero, La Fortuna, Monteverde and Quepos, Trejos added.
Last week, Health Ministry officials ruled out nine other suspected cases. Currently there are five more potential cases, all of people who traveled to the Dominican Republic recently.
Chikungunya is a virus transmitted by Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes, and it shares many of the same symptoms as dengue: high fever, headaches, muscle and joint pains, nausea and rashes. But symptoms are more aggressive than dengue and can persist for up to 10 months.
Health officials called on resident to take extreme preventive measures, including cleaning up trash and other items that collect stagnant water.
US health officials are on high alert as a mosquito-borne virus that yet has no cure has struck six of the US states. The virus called chikungunya causes severe joint pain which can last for years.
The latest case of the virus has been confirmed by Tennessee officials as the resident of Madison County, has been tested positive for the virus. The officials, however, added that there was no transmission to other residents in the state.
“It will be more difficult for the virus to establish itself here,” Dr. William Schaffner, an infectious disease specialist at Vanderbilt University Medical Center in Nashville, Tennessee told Tech Times.
Rhode Island authorities also confirmed two cases of the mosquito-borne virus. They involve travelers who returned from the Dominican Republic on May 17 and May 29, said state officials, adding that authorities are currently investigating several other suspicious cases of the virus.
Florida has been the worst hit by the virus, with at least 25 cases reported in the state, according to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
The Florida Department of Health released a set of guidelines in order to avoid becoming infected and spreading the virus.
A scientist examines tiger mosquitos
The cases of the virus, transmitted to humans through mosquitoes, have also been confirmed in North Carolina, Nebraska and Indiana.
On Wednesday, the virus affected two residents from the US Virgin Islands, according to local authorities.
“The first case has been confirmed as locally acquired; the second case is an imported case with the patient recent travel history outside of the Territory,” said the Department of Health in the US Virgin Islands in a press release.
Florida officials advised residents “to wear long sleeves and long pants when possible,” and “use mosquito-proof screens on windows and doors.”
A resident of San Cristobal, southeast of Santo Domingo with symptoms of chikungunya fever awaits to be treated in the emergency sector of the Juan Pablo Pina Hospital
Symptoms of the malaria-like illness include fever, headache, chills, sensitivity to light, and rash, vomiting and severe joint pain, according to World Health Organization (WHO). Occasional cases of eye, neurological and heart complications have been reported, as well as gastrointestinal complaints, it adds. They usually begin three to seven days after infection occurs. The consequences include a long period of joint pains which may persist for years in some cases. Though the virus rarely leads to death, the problem is that there is currently no vaccine available. The treatment only aims at improving the symptoms.
According to WHO, Chikungunya was first described during an outbreak in southern Tanzania in 1952, eastern Africa, and since then has been detected in nearly 40 countries in Asia, Africa, Europe and also in the Americas.
The Pan American Health Organization says that about 165,000 cases have been either suspected or confirmed in the Caribbean since it was first documented in 2013-2014 with 14 death cases. Most of the cases have been detected in Dominican Republic, Guadalupe, Martinique and Haiti.