Tag Archive | Kenya

Homes destroyed after heavy downpour in Trans Mara West, Kenya #rain #SevereWeather #TransMara #Kenya

300+ Buffaloes, plus Rhinos, Giraffes and other animals dead from outbreak of disease in Lake Nakuru National Park, Kenya, Africa

Livestock Alert

In an update on the anthrax update at Lake Nakuru National Park in Kenya from July, Dr Kisa J. Z. Juma Ngeiywa, CVO Director of Veterinary Services with the Ministry of Agriculture in Nairobi reported to the World Organisation for Animal Health that the outbreak is ongoing and the number of animals affected has increased.
 
Ngeiywa notes the number of dead Cape buffaloes due to anthrax in Lake Nakuru National Park has reached 300. The park has a buffalo population of 4,500.
 
In addition, a number of other animals have been affected to include rhinos, Rothschild giraffes, elands, impalas, warthogs and Thomson gazelles.
 
Officials report the source of the outbreak is contact with infected animal(s) at grazing/watering near the lake shore, watering holes and the fence line since mid-July.
 
Kenya has applied the following measures to help contain the outbreak: Movement control inside the country, disinfection / disinfestation, quarantine, surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste and surveillance within containment and/or protection zone.
 
According to the Merck Veterinary Manual, Anthrax is a zoonotic disease caused by the sporeforming bacterium Bacillus anthracis. Anthrax is most common in wild and domestic herbivores (eg, cattle, sheep, goats, camels, antelopes) but can also be seen in humans exposed to tissue from infected animals, contaminated animal products or directly to B anthracis spores under certain conditions.
 
Depending on the route of infection, host factors, and potentially strain-specific factors, anthrax can have several different clinical presentations. In herbivores, anthrax commonly presents as an acute septicemia with a high fatality rate, often accompanied by hemorrhagic lymphadenitis.
 
B. anthracis spores can remain ineffective in soil for many years. During this time, they are a potential source of infection for grazing livestock. Grazing animals may become infected when they ingest sufficient quantities of these spores from the soil.In addition to direct transmission, biting flies may mechanically transmit B. anthracis spores from one animal to another.
 
People can get anthrax by handling contaminated animal or animal products, consuming undercooked meat of infected animals and more recently, intentional release of spores.
Courtesy of outbreaknewstoday.com

Cow ‘starts eating sheep’ on Nakuru farm, Kenya, Africa

The black dairy cow in its enclosure
Photo by Kenya Citizen TV
A farmer in Kenya says one of his cows has given up its usual vegetarian diet and started eating sheep.
 
Charles Mamboleo, who runs a farm in south-western Nakuru County, discovered the cow feeding on a sheep one morning, having apparently gored it to death, the Daily Nation website reports. Fresh food and water couldn’t tempt the cow, and another sheep met its end the following day, the report says. “After the first incident, we thought the cow was starving, so we increased the supply of fodder and water, but it still continued chasing after sheep,” says Mr Mamboleo.
 
While cows are herbivores, developing a taste for meat could be a sign of a nutrient deficiency, according to a local agricultural officer. “The dry season, which has just ended, has seen most animals lack minerals found in green grass,” Albert Kabugi tells the site. In 2007, a calf in India’s West Bengal region was filmed eating chickens. A local vet said he suspected a lack of vital minerals was also to blame in that case, noting that it could happen in “exceptional” circumstances.
Courtesy of BBC News

Kenya At Risk Of Influenza A H7N9 Virus In Poultry

H7N9 Virus Alert

The possibility of the rapid spread of a poultry disease to Kenya known as Influenza A H7N9 virus is imminent after it was confirmed in China.

Frequent movement of people and services due to the ongoing construction works of roads in the country and service sectors coupled with porous ken borders, have made the spread even more real than ever before.

Speaking during a workshop on Emergency Assistance for Surveillance of Influenza A H7N9 at a Nairobi hotel, Principal Secretary State Department of Livestock Dr. Khadijah Kassachoon said Kenya and China have cordial relationship and technical cooperation which has resulted in increasing movement of goods and services heralding the risk.

“Although the source of H7N9 is not yet confirmed, biological surveillance conducted in China revealed the presence of infection in poultry and other birds”, she said.

The PS added that the International trade policies such as COMESA and EAC further complicate the risk of spread of H7N9 and other poultry diseases.

Dr. Kassachoon added that during the highly pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) threat caused by H5N1 virus some years back, Kenya experienced adverse effects on poultry production and trade with financial losses estimated at around Ksh 2.3 billion.

She noted that unlike the H5N1 infection where poultry show distinct clinical sights and high mortalities, the H7N9 virus infection show no clinical signs hence the potential for silent spread to wider geographical areas undetected.

Dr. Kassachoon added that this coupled with high human susceptibility, the infection had potential to cause pandemic and higher economic losses.

She said the two day workshop for surveillance of the Influenza A in low to moderate risk countries in Africa was geared towards reinforcing risk assessment, disease surveillance and diagnostic capacity for H7N9, communication management including preparedness and response.

The PS said, the poultry sector in Kenya has an estimated 31.8 million poultry, of which, 76% are indigenous, 14% are broilers, 8% rare layers while other birds such as ducks, turkeys, quails, ostriches make up the remaining 2%.

Participants at the workshop were experts in health and veterinary services drawn from 11 African Countries.